The Hidden Meaning of the Eight-Ray Sun and the proposed Ninth Ray of the Philippine Flag

Last June 2018,  Philippine Senator Richard Gordon filed Senate Bill No. 2590 which aimed is to add a ninth ray to the Philippine flag’s sun to represent the Moro people or Filipino Muslims, as well as other indigenous groups for their role against colonization by Spain and America.

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The proposed Nine Ray Sun

While looking at the pattern of the symmetry of the rays, I could not grasp how to start the symmetrical drawing point of the 9 ray sun compared to the 8 rays pattern which has a regular natural axis of the compass. However, this can be done easily by using equilateral triangles inscribed in a circle.

What is the real significance of the rays of the sun on the Philippine Flag?

old flag

This flag, now kept at the Wisconsin Veterans Museum was captured by the Americans during the period 1898-1902.

Many historians have written about the Philippine Flag particularly the symbolism of the luminaries depicted unto it, the Masonic triangle and its colors as designed by President  Emilio F. Aguinaldo and sewn by Marcella Agoncillo.

Unknown to many Filipinos, there is a hidden meaning behind the symbolic three stars and the eight-ray sun of the flag which are embedded in the Masonic philosophy of the belief and teaching of the Filipino Masons during that Spanish period, although categorically written by many historians as the first eight provinces that revolted against the colonizers.

“The eight-rayed sun symbolizes the first eight provinces (Manila, Cavite, Batangas, Bulacan, Laguna, Pampanga, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija) that revolted against the Spanish colonial government. The three five-pointed stars represent the three main island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.”

Aguinaldo like all the Katipuneros were masons under the Gran Logia Nacional de Filipinas auspices of Supremo Consejo del Grado 33 para Filipinas, a  Lodge formed by the Filipino masons,  descendants of Gran Oriente Espanol, the oldest traditional Masonic body in Spain where our national hero Jose Rizal together with other patriots were  members of the fraternity.

The three five-pointed stars represent the 3 lights of the lodge, the master, senior and junior wardens while the triangle at the center wherein the altar is situated, traced the Blazing Star of Masons sometimes represented by the 8 ray sun or the 5 pointed stars. This triangular pattern is similar to the Masonic apron.

phil flag



surya majapahit

Surya Majapahit

Majapahit Empire 1293- 1520 CIRCA

Majapahit was an archipelagic empire based on the island of Java from 1293 to around 1500. Majapahit reached its peak of glory during the era of Hayam Wuruk, whose reign from 1350 to 1389 marked by the conquest of kingdoms in Maritime Southeast Asia (including present-day Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, East Timor, and the Philippines)

While it is common  practice for kingdom in different regions of the world  to worship the stars, moon or sun and adapting its emblem  to gain prosperity or approval from the Gods of their belief, the Filipino flag  emblem  took the form of an eight-pointed sun ray with the rounded part in the center depicting a sun with face . The emblem might have taken the form of a cosmological diagram haloed by typical “Surya Majapahit” sun rays or a simple circle with typical sun rays.

The eight rays sun Surya is an emblem of Ancient Majapahit Empire, which some of the rajanates of the Philippines Islands, named Selurong, Lusong, Mayi, Butwan, Shrivaya,  were part of the Kingdom  Majapahit located in Eastern Java.

The eight-pointed star is found in every culture Mayan, Hindu Temples, Egyptian, Sumerian, Assyrian civilization.


8 pointed star of the Anunnaki

8 pointed star of the Anunnaki

star of babylon

Star of Babylon

The Seal of Shamash is a representation of the ancient Assyrian / Mesopotamian sun god of the same name. Also described as an eight-pointed star, this solar symbol is thought to represent the solar calendar, or Sun Wheel, with the four arms associated with the solstices and equinoxes that were key calendar days.


native american star

Ancient Lemuria or the lost continent of Mu  Lemuria, or Mu,  Native American 8 pointed star


The insignia of the Order of Lakandula contains an inscription with Baybayin characters represents the name Lakandula.


The Nine Ray Sun or  9 Pointed Star  on the 3 Interlaced Triangles, the ultimate symbol of the Supreme Being


brunnian link

The Brunnian link – A version of this figure is found in the sixth century Marundheeswarar Temple in Thiruvanmayur, South Chennai, India, which is associated with the goddess Tripurasundari.


Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite


AssR 1

A nine-sided star formed by three interlaced triangles called a Nonagon or Nonagram, with a Gold Sun at the center, surrounded by an Ouroboros.

AssR 2

AssR 3.jpg

In the case of the Yod replacing the Golden Sun, we realize that one of the things these two Symbols have in common is the number Ten.  Yod is the Tenth letter of the Hebrew Alphabet and is assigned that number for those that study Gematria…


The Jewel of the 33 Degree SGIG Scottish Rite Freemasons


SGIG 33rd-degree-mason

AssR 5

The Mother of all Masonic Symbols… the “Grand Decoration” of the Order.

The Roman Numeral “X” or Ten/Gold is shown as a Teutonic Cross and Crossed swords. Lead has been turned into Gold. Two Ouroboros encircle the center.

A Teutonic Cross contains within it the Pillars of Jachin and Boaz revealing the Pillar of Beauty.

The Union of Trinities is now all balanced while the Double Eagle stands proud as if representing the birth of a New Dawn..

The Age of Transhumanism.

“Three Twice” or “33”.


AssR 6



AssR 7

At the Entrance Hall or Atrium of the Scottish Rite Masonic Temple in Guthrie, Oklahoma is an impressive Nonagram tiled onto the floor, similar to the Atrium of the Scottish Rite Masonic Temple in  Manila.



AssR 8.jpg

The number nine in the figure also relates to the alchemistic thought behind the enneagram.  The number nine is a factor of 3 times 3, which here represent the 3×3 spiritual hierarchies that God descends through to reach us humans, and that we should raise through the same to God


The Royal Arch  Masons Living Arch Ceremony

The “three times three” ceremony is the three right feet forming a triangle, three left hands forming a triangle, and three right hands forming a triangle, thus forming the living arch encircling the Yod by the group of three.


Chapter of Royal Arch Mason


The Yod symbol, the 9-ray Sun,  the 72 names of God YHVH derived from Kabbalah, the Tetragrammaton


The Grand Encampment of Knights Templar


Grand encampment

The Grand Encampment Knights Templar  jewel showing the 9 Ray Sun



Senator Gordon Connection  in Masonry

The Gran Logia Nacional de Filipinas auspices of Supremo Consejo del Grado 33 para Filipinas is a lodge formed by the Filipino masons’ descendants of Gran Oriente Espanol, practice AASR of Freemasonry. This Masonic group is one of the Masonic organizations existing in the Philippines.

Masonic Jurisdictions in the Philippines

  1. Grand Lodge of the Philippines (GLP) – Grand lodge came from the Grand Lodge of California consists of more than 400 subordinate lodges
  2. Perla del Oriente No.1034 Scottish Constitution under the Grand Lodge of Scotland.
  3. Mabuhay lodge No. 59 lodge chartered by the Prince Hall Grand Lodge of the State of Washington.
  4. Independent Grand Lodge of the Philippines located in Cavite, Philippines
  5. Gran Logia Nacional de Filipinas auspices of Supremo Consejo del Grado 33 para Filipinas , the First Lodge in the Far East formed by the Filipino masons’ descendants of Gran Oriente Espanol.
  6. Soberana Gran Archipelago Filipino lodge patented by the Gran Oriente Espanol in 1924.

During the 1800s and early 1900s, there were other grand lodges existed in the Philippines like the Gran Oriente de Francia, Gran Oriente Lusitano.—1918.html

Senator Richard Gordon joined the Supremo Consejo del Grado 33 para Filipinas as the newest member on February 2016, so he perhaps has an access to the esoteric knowledge of the 33 degree Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.


Philippine flag with the proposed 9th ray sun

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Press Release

August 9, 2018


Senator Richard J. Gordon sponsored a bill that he authored which proposes to rectify the omission of the Muslims from the group of Filipinos given due recognition in the Philippine flag for their heroic struggle against the colonial invaders from the West.

Gordon sponsored Committee Report 393, from Proposed Senate Bill No. 102 entitled “An Act Increasing the Number of Rays of the Sun on the Philippine Flag from Eight to Nine, amending for this Purpose Republic Act No. 8491, otherwise known as the Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines.”

“With their bravery, our Muslim heroes left an imprint on national history that, at the very least, must be given due recognition in the most heraldic item of national importance–the Philippine flag,” he said.

Gordon noted that the flag does not only represent the principles of sovereignty and solidarity of the Philippine nation but it also embodies the ideals and traditions of the Filipino people developed over the course of national history, which refers to the period before the arrival of the Spanish up to the present, centuries replete with stories of struggles for independence and victory against colonizers.

“It cannot be denied that the Muslims have been here and they precipitated the first defeat of the colonial invader from the West. It was established that no commanding presence by the Spanish colonial power were ever established in Mindanao. Yet, our Muslim heroes are forgotten. Muslim Mindanao is part and parcel of the Philippines and we should not remove them from our history. We must be inclusive, not exclusive…,” he added.

The senator also said that with the enactment into law of the Bangsamoro Organic Law, which aims to end decades of conflict in Mindanao by creating a political entity that would enjoy greater autonomy than the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the bill he authored would also further foster unity in the country.

“We seek to inculcate in the minds and hearts of our people a just pride in their native Muslim brothers and sisters who sacrificed their lives for the country’s freedom… So that every day that it is raised, every day that every young person or a Filipino raises his hand to pledge allegiance to the flag, we are pledging to inclusion of our Muslim brothers and sisters and we are pledging towards a nation which values history,” he said.



Adding a ninth ray to the Philippine Flag is the highest etymological representation of the Supreme Being, the Grand Architect of the Universe, a transformation and evolution of the sun worship symbol to the new Philippine millennium.

About the Author

Gabriel C. Comia, Jr. is a member of the Free and Accepted Masons of the Philippines. A York Rite Mason under the Grand York Rite of the Philippines,  7th Grade SRICF, Pearl of the Orient College, and former KCCH, Manila Bodies, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.