Knights Templar’s Legacy in the Philippines

The First Crusades

Pope Urban II   c. 1035 – 29 July 1099, born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery, a native of France. was Pope of the Holy Roman Empire from 1088 to 1099.  In 1095, he called for the First Crusade in a sermon at the Council of Clermont in France.  Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The most commonly known Crusades are the campaigns in the Eastern Mediterranean aimed at recovering the Holy Land from Muslim rule.

After Christian armies in 1099 captured Jerusalem from Muslim control during the Crusades, groups of pilgrims from across Western Europe started visiting the Holy Land.  Many of them, however, were robbed and killed as they crossed through Muslim-controlled territories during their journey.

 

The Poor Fellow-Soldier of Christ – The Knights Templar

Around 1118, a French knight named Hugues de Payens created a Catholic military order along with eight relatives and acquaintances, calling it the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon – later known simply as the Knights Templar.

He approached King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Warmund, Patriarch of Jerusalem, and proposed creating a monastic order for the protection of Christian pilgrims visiting the Holy Land..

King Baldwin and Patriarch Warmund agreed to the request, and the king granted the Templars a headquarters in a wing of the royal palace on the Temple Mount Al-Aqsa Mosque which was believed to be the ruins of the Temple of Solomon.

knights templar soldier

The order, with about nine knights including Godfrey de Saint-Omer and André de Montbard, had few financial resources and relied on donations to survive. Their emblem was of two knights riding on a single horse, emphasizing the order’s poverty.

knights templar decal

The Knights Templar Expansion

In 1129, the Knights received the formal endorsement of the Catholic Church and support from Bernard of Clairvaux, a prominent abbot.  New recruits and lavish donations began pouring in from across Europe.  They developed a reputation as fierce warriors during key battles of the Crusades, driven by religious fervor and forbidden from retreating unless vastly outnumbered.

During their peak with members of more than 20,000, they managed large infrastructures throughout the Christendom developing innovative financial techniques that were an early form of banking, building its own network of nearly 1,000 commanderies and fortifications across Europe and the Holy Land.

They set up a network of banks that enabled religious pilgrims to deposit assets in their home countries and withdraw funds in the Holy Land. Along with their donated fortune and various business ventures, this system gave the Knights Templar enormous financial sway. At the height of their influence, they boasted a sizeable fleet of ships, owned the island of Cyprus and served as a primary lender to European monarchs and nobles.

The Fall of the Knights Templar

In the late 12th century, Muslim armies retook Jerusalem and turned the tide of the Crusades, forcing the Knights Templar to relocate several times. The Fall of Acre in 1291 marked the destruction of the last remaining Crusader refuge in the Holy Land.  European support of the military campaigns in the Holy Land began to dwindle over the decades that followed. Additionally, many secular and religious leaders became increasingly critical of the Templars’ wealth and power.

By 1303, the Knights Templar lost its foothold in the Muslim world and established a base of operations in Paris. There, King Philip IV of France resolved to bring down the order, perhaps because the Templars had denied the indebted ruler additional loans.

Arrests and Executions

On Friday, October 13, 1307, scores of French Templars were arrested, including the order’s grand master Jacques de Molay.  Many of the knights were brutally tortured until they confessed to false charges, which included heresy, homosexuality, financial corruption, devil worshipping, fraud, spitting on the cross and more.

A few years later, dozens of Templars were burned at the stake in Paris for their confessions. Under pressure from King Philip, Pope Clement V reluctantly dissolved the Knights Templar in 1312.  De Molay was executed in 1314.

Kaugnay na larawan

The Red Cross is one of the symbols of a religious order of Christian warrior monks. This cross, mainly red, represented the knights’ connection to the Church as well as their mission.

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Lamb

The Lamb of God (Agnus Dei) is depicted as a lamb with a halo that is holding a cross or a flag with its cocked foreleg. Like other Templar symbols, this too has its share of variations. The lamb is symbolic of the martyred Christ and also referenced in the Bible through the words of John the Baptist after he has baptized Jesus, “Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.”

Beauceant

The Beauceant was the war flag of the Knights Templar and consisted of a black section above a white one. The real meaning of the standard is not known for certain but it could be that the black section depicted the sins of the world and the white symbolized the purity that the Templar Order offered the knights.

Lion

The lion is somewhat of an obvious symbol for a Christian order. The lion was the sigil of the Israelite tribe of Judah and Christ was also referred to as the Lion of Judah. Also, the lion represents courage, power, and justice – traits valued by the Templar knight.

calvary cross

The Calvary Cross is a Latin cross standing on a base of three steps. Calvary is also Latin for the Aramaic word, Golgotha, which is the hill where Christ was crucified. The three steps are believed to symbolize the hill and also represent the virtues of Faith, Hope, and Love.

Tomar

Knights Templar Castle in Tomar

In 1160, a Knights Templar castle was constructed in Tomar, and thirty years later they fought to free Portugal from Islamic domination.  Tomar came under siege as the Islam army crossed the Tejo river, capturing the nearby castle at Torres Novas.

For six long days, the Muslim army relentlessly attacked Tomar, yet despite overwhelming odds, Gualdim Pais, Grand Master of the Knights Templar led his warriors to victory.  A victory led by a fighting monk-led to the Christian faith being taken up across the land.

Several frontier castles were built in protection of Portugal by these Knights Templar; Almourol, Monsanto and Pombal.  Gualdim Pais founded the city of Tomar and Pombal.

Order of Christ

The Order of Christ was founded in 1318 as the continuation of the Knights Templar of Tomar following the suppression of the Templars in 1312.  It was established by King Denis of Portugal, who negotiated with Pope Clement’s successor John XXII for recognition of the new order and its right to inherit the Templar assets and property.

Jesus Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Nosso Senhor Jesus Cristo), is the former Knights Templar order as it was reconstituted in Portugal after the Templars were abolished on 22 March 1312 by the papal bull, Vox in excelso, issued by Pope Clement V.

After four years of negotiations, Pope John XXII passed another bull authorizing Denis to grant the Templar’s property to the Order of the Christ in 1323. The Knights of the order were committed to vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience to the king. It is unclear how many Templars continued in the new order; some historians would claim the Order of Christ was essentially the Templars under a new name, while others see it as a mostly original formation. The first Grand Master, Dom Gil Martins, had been a knight of Saint Benedict in the Order of Aviz.

The Order of Christ was first seated at Castro Marim, in the Algarve (in the Diocese of Faro). In 1357, the order was moved to the town of Tomar, near Santarém, the former seat of the Order of the Knights Templars in Portugal under Henry the Navigator’s command.

In 1323, a Papal Bull was issued by Pope John XXII, which gave King Diniz the authorization to remove the estates of the now disbanded Knights Templar, to the new “Order of Christ.”

In 1415, Prince Henry the Navigator led his forces, in the conquest of Ceuta, in the creation of a Portuguese empire, which stretched out far beyond their coastline.

In 1417 he became Grand Master of the Order of Christ until 1460, undertaking works of evangelism for the Pope and Church.  Henry went on to colonize the Azores and Madeira islands, building two gothic cloisters in the Convent of Tomar during his time as grand master.

The Grand Mastership of the “Order of Christ” was held by the royal family, after Henry’s death.

After 1417, by King John I of Portugal’s request to the Pope, Prince Henry the Navigator (1417–1460) became the order’s, Grand Master. Prince Henry was born in 1394, the king’s third son. During that time, Duarte I and Afonso V were Kings of Portugal.

In 1433, King Duarte I gave the Order “Sovereign” status not over these territories which already held, but over any future conquests.

Pope Calixtus III in 1455 confirmed that Afonso V extended his temporal jurisdiction by conceding the royal prerogative over three episcopal nominations in areas ruled by the Order. In 1460, King Afonso V granted the Knights of Christ a 5 percent levy on all merchandise from the new African lands. Using Order of Christ money, Prince Henry organized the Navigator’s school in Sagres, preparing the way for Portuguese supremacy; from this village, the first great wave of expeditions of the Period of Discoveries was launched.

After Henry, the grand mastership was held by the royal family. Henry colonized the Azores and Madeira islands — his aim was to go south beyond Cape Bojador, south of the Canary Islands. During Prince Henry’s rule, two Gothic cloisters were built in the Convent of Tomar. Henry was the Duke of Viseu and also a member of the Knights of the Garter. Henry’s impact on history is great, having arguably sparked the European interest in colonial exploration that would so transform the world for the next four centuries.

Prince Henry was succeeded in the governorship of the Order by Prince Ferdinand, son of King Edward I. In 1484, Emanuel, Duke of Beja, became the 11th Governor of the Order. Due to the fact that the discipline of the order was declining, Pope Alexander VI commuted the vow of celibacy to that of conjugal chastity in 1492; in 1496, the brethren were dispensed from celibacy and in 1505, from poverty, but they still continued their responsions (one third of their revenues) to the Order’s treasury. (The condition that they should apply the third part of their revenues to the building and support of the Tomar Cloister) and the priests of which he bound to the whole of the three vows. Also in 1501, Pope Julius II mitigated the vow of poverty into the payment of a tax – the meia-anata; for the Order of Christ, this tax was three-quarters of their annual revenues.

Manuel I of Portugal sought and obtained the title of Grand Master by Pope Leo X’s Bull Constante fide (June 30, 1516). King Manuel, João’s successor, sent Vasco da Gama (a member of the Order of Christ) to sail around the African cape to India. He set sail in 1497 and reached Calicut. By the end of King Manuel’s reign, the order possessed 454 commanderies in Portugal, Africa and the Indies. Manuel also made extensive additions to the Order’s headquarters in Tomar. Manuel ordered that the church of Tomar be expanded westwards, spreading beyond the castle limits and opening up the Charola to add on to it a magnificent nave which housed the choir and the sacristy, becoming known as the chapter house. The order also began its step-by-step transformation from monastic to secular during Manuel’s reign. At the end of this process, the order had taken the form of a royal institution.

In 1484, Emanuel the Duke of Beja became 11th Governor of the Order, which showed signs of declining membership, due to its rules.  In 1492, Pope Alexander VI commuted vows of celibacy to conjugal chastity, and in 1496 conjugal chastity was withdrawn, as was poverty in 1505 by Pope Julius II.

Manuel I of Portugal became Grand Master of the Order by Pope Leo X, Papacy Bull of 1516.  During his time as Grand Master, he enlarged the church of Tomar westwards, opened up the Charola and created a Nave to house the choir and sacristy.

In 1522, the Order was divided into two separate divisions; a religious order under the Pope and a civil order under the King.

John III and Fra António

There are some scholars who say that in 1522 the Order was divided into two branches – a religious one under the Pope, and a civil one under the king, as they remain today – however, there is a lack of evidence supporting this. In 1523, John III formed a chapter of the Order giving Fra António (also known as Antonius of Lisbon) a Spanish-born Jerome friar, the authority and responsibility to reform the Order. The new statutes were approved in 1529 by the Friars.

The Grand Prior was removed from office and all the priests and religious of the Order were required to resume convent life at Tomar, and to wear the habit and cross of the Order. Several religious friars were persuaded to abandon the Order and others were expelled. António of Lisbon obtained the position of Prior. The violation of the tombs of the Templar Masters and the destruction and burning of documents of the Order are attributed to him.

Years later, António was also charged with forcibly imposing the dictates of the Council of Trent on the Order of Christ, and later, for ordering two autos-da-fé, the first and only ones held in Tomar (involving four people executed and several penanced, especially New Christians, and allegedly the burning of papers and books as well). The Portuguese Inquisition was established in 1536 after the king sent a diplomatic mission to the Holy See led by an ally and friend of Anthony, Baltazar de Faria, who after his death, would be buried in the Convent of Christ in Tomar by Fra António himself. In 1567, António persuaded Pope Pius V to give him control of all the convent of the order.

In 1523, John III held a chapter, and gave brother Antonius of Lisbon, a Spanish Friar, to reform the order.  In 1529, the Grand Prior was removed along with his priests, and ordered to wear the habit and cross associated with the order.

Dom Antonio became the new Prior, and under his leadership, many Knights Templar Grand Master tombs were destroyed along with documents.  In 1567, Antonio got control of the convents within the order by approval of Pope Pius V.  In 1574 King Sebastian attempted to reverse the order.

In the tears 1580-1640 another attempt to reform the order took place, when Philip III changed conditions of entrance, to one being of noble birth plus two years service in Africa or three years service with the fleet.

When Portugal loses its independence in 1580, the Spanish King Philip II, heir to the Portuguese throne, also becomes the master of the Order of Christ as well as the Spanish monarchs that succeeded him.
With the restoration of independence in 1640, the new Portuguese King John IV re-establishes the branch of the cavalry of the Order of Christ with an original innovation: The new Knights also become secular religious brothers of the order.

More than eighty years before the publication of the first Rosicrucian manifesto, around 1530, a short time before the reform of the Order and the expulsion of several friars, the cross and the rose were associated in the Convent of the Order of Christ. Three bocetes are on the abóboda (vault) of the interior chamber, which is thought to have been the initiation room because of its initial seven steps, seven carved rose-crosses, and a rosette depicting a circular sun on the vault, and its own underground small chamber or tomb of initiation at the end. In some of them, the rose flower can clearly be seen at the center of the cross.

 

Knights associated with the Order of Christ

Grand Masters

Henry the Navigator (Grand Master)

Manuel I (Grand Master)

Infante Ferdinand (Grand Master)

Sebastian of Portugal (Grand Master)

Others

Vasco da Gama (also to the Order of Santiago before)

Pedro Álvares Cabral

João Gonçalves Zarco

Gonçalo Velho Cabral

Bartolomeu Dias Beatrice

Francisco de Almeida

Miguel Corte-Real

Gaspar Corte-Real

Tristão da Cunha

Martim Afonso de Sousa

João de Castro

Cristóvão da Gama

Tomé de Sousa

Fernão de Magalhães, also known as Ferdinand Magellan (also to the Order of Santiago)

Vicente Sodré

Damião de Góis

Pedro Teixeira

Alexandre de Gusmão

Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira

Henrique Dias

António Filipe Camarão

Jácome Ratton

Albert Coyette

Louis-Nicolas Davout

Jean-Baptiste Bessières

Ferdinand Magellan, a Knight of Christ

Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480–1521) was born in Sabrosa, Portugal, to a family of minor Portuguese nobility. At age 12 Ferdinand Magellan (Fernão de Magalhães in Portuguese and Fernando de Magallanes in Spanish) and his brother Diogo traveled to Lisbon to serve as pages at Queen Leonora’s court. While at the court Magellan was exposed to stories of the great Portuguese and Spanish rivalry for sea exploration and dominance over the spice trade in the East Indies, especially the Spice Islands, or the Moluccas, in modern Indonesia. Intrigued by the promise of fame and riches, Magellan developed an interest in maritime discovery in those early years.

In March 1505 at the age of 25, Magellan enlisted in the fleet of 22 ships sent to host Francisco de Almeida as the first viceroy of Portuguese India. Although his name does not appear in the chronicles, it is known that he remained there eight years, in Goa, Cochin and Quilon. He participated in several battles, including the battle of Cannanore in 1506, where he was wounded. In 1509 he fought in the battle of Diu. He later sailed under Diogo Lopes de Sequeira in the first Portuguese embassy to Malacca, with Francisco Serrão, his friend and possibly cousin. In September, after arriving at Malacca, the expedition fell victim to a conspiracy ending in retreat. Magellan had a crucial role, warning Sequeira and saving Francisco Serrão, who had landed.

In 1511, under the new governor Afonso de Albuquerque, Magellan, and Serrão participated in the conquest of Malacca. After the conquest, their ways parted: Magellan was promoted, with a rich plunder and, in the company of a Malay he had indentured and baptized, Enrique of Malacca, he returned to Portugal in 1512. Serrão departed in the first expedition sent to find the “Spice Islands” in the Moluccas, where he remained. He married a woman from Amboina and became a military advisor to the Sultan of Ternate, Bayan Sirrullah. His letters to Magellan would prove decisive, giving information about the spice-producing territories.

Over the next seven years, Magellan participated in several expeditions in India and Africa and was wounded in several battles. In 1513 he joined the enormous 500-ship, 15,000-soldier force sent by King Manuel to Morocco to challenge the Moroccan governor who refused to pay its yearly tribute to the Portuguese empire. The Portuguese easily overwhelmed the Moroccan forces, and Magellan stayed on in Morocco. While there he was seriously wounded in a skirmish, which left him with a limp for the rest of his life.

caravel

Portuguese caravel, adorned with the Cross of the Order. This was the standard model used by the Portuguese in their voyages of exploration. It could accommodate about 20 sailors. The cross of the Order adorned Portuguese sails in their travels to India, Brazil, and Japan.

Magellan: From Portugal to Spain

Magellan approached King Manuel of Portugal to seek his support for a westward route to the Spice Islands. The king refused his petition repeatedly. In 1517 a frustrated Magellan renounced his Portuguese nationality and relocated to Spain to seek royal support for his venture.

When Magellan arrived in Seville in October 1517, he had no connections and spoke little Spanish. He soon met another transplanted Portuguese named Diogo Barbosa, and within a year he had married Barbosa’s daughter Beatriz, who gave birth to their son Rodrigo a year later. The well-connected Barbosa family introduced Magellan to officers responsible for Spain’s maritime exploration, and soon Magellan secured an appointment to meet the king of Spain.

The grandson of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, who had funded Columbus’ expedition to the New World in 1492, received Magellan’s petition with the same favor shown by his grandparents. Just 18 years old at the time, King Charles I granted his support to Magellan, who in turn promised the young king that his westward sea voyage would bring immeasurable riches to Spain.

 Charles I of Spain (1500–1558)

Charles I of Spain, born on February 24, 1500, was king of Spain from 1516 to 1556 and Holy Roman Emperor, as Charles V, from 1519 to 1558. The grandson of Ferdinand II and Isabella I as well as the emperor Maximilian I, Charles inherited an empire that stretched from Germany to the Americas. Throughout his reign, he struggled to keep his inheritance intact in the face of Protestant threats in Germany, French threats in Italy, and Turkish threats on the Mediterranean coast. Despite tremendous military expenditures, Charles was unable to check all three forces simultaneously.

The war against France kept him, for instance, from giving the necessary attention to the spread of Lutheran doctrine in Germany. Charles’s solution there was to delegate authority to his brother, Ferdinand (king of Bohemia and Hungary), who ultimately negotiated a religious settlement in the Peace of Augsburg (1555). Toward the end of his reign, Charles began a division of the Hapsburg inheritance by giving to his son Philip II the territories of Naples, Milan, the Netherlands, and Spain (1554–1556) and relinquishing his imperial title (1556–1558) to his brother, who reigned as Emperor Ferdinand I.

Charles respected the autonomy of his widespread domains and ruled through a system of viceroys or regents (often family members) to preserve his personal rule. The viceroys acted as liaisons with his various councils. The central governing institution and the highest administrative body were the Council of Castile, staffed largely by non-aristocratic jurists. Grandees served on an advisory council of state. To these bodies were added councils of finance (1523) and the Indies (1524). Charles’s main sources of royal revenue were Castile, Aragon, the Church, and America, although he also drew upon resources in the Netherlands and Italy.

One of Charles’s most important partnerships was with Hernán Cortés (1485–1547), who would become conquistador of the Aztec empire of Montezuma. All of Cortés’s actions in New Spain were in the name of his monarch, Charles V. For his part, Cortés suggested that Charles add the designation of Emperor of the Indies to his lengthy list of titles, but he declined. Charles maintained a eurocentric attitude toward

Magellan’s Voyage

On August 10, 1519 Magellan bade farewell to his wife and young son and set sail for the Moluccas en route westward.  He commanded the lead ship Trinidad and was accompanied by four other ships: the San Antonio, the Conception, the Victoria, and the Santiago carrying supplies for two years of travel. The crew consisted of about 270 men. Most were Spanish, but around 40 were Portuguese.

The fleet sailed from Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain on 20 September 1519, sailing west across the Atlantic toward South America a little more than a month later.

In December, they made landfall at Rio de Janeiro. From there, they sailed south along the coast, searching for a way through or around the continent. After three months of searching (including a false start in the estuary of Río de la Plata), weather conditions forced the fleet to stop their search to wait out the winter. The fleet stopped at Port San Julian where the crew mutinied on Easter Day in 1520. led by the Spanish captains Juan de Cartagena, Gaspar de Quesada, and Luiz Mendoza. Magellan barely managed to quell the mutiny, despite at one point losing control of three of his five ships to the mutineers. Mendoza was killed during the conflict, and Magellan sentenced Quesada and Cartagena to be beheaded and marooned, respectively. Lower-level conspirators were made to do hard labor in chains over the winter but later freed.

Meanwhile, Magellan had sent the Santiago to explore the route ahead, where it was shipwrecked during a terrible storm. The ship’s crewmembers were rescued and assigned out among the remaining ships. With those disastrous events behind them, the fleet left Port San Julian five months later.

On October 21, 1520, Magellan finally entered the strait that he had been seeking and that came to bear his name. The voyage through the strait was treacherous and cold, and many sailors continued to mistrust their leader and grumble about the dangers of the journey ahead. In the early days of the navigation of the strait, the crew of the San Antonio forced its captain to abandon, and the ship turned and fled across the Atlantic Ocean back to Spain. At this point, only three of the original five ships remained in Magellan’s fleet.

Magellan navigating the Pacific Ocean

After more than a month spent traversing the strait, Magellan’s remaining armada emerged in November 1520 to behold a vast ocean before them. They were the first known Europeans to see the great ocean, which Magellan named Mar Pacifico, the Pacific Ocean, for its apparent peacefulness, a stark contrast to the dangerous waters of the strait from which he had just emerged. In fact, extremely rough waters are not uncommon in the Pacific Ocean, where tsunamis, typhoons and hurricanes have done serious damage to the Pacific Islands and Pacific Rim nations throughout history.

The fleet reached the Pacific by the end of November 1520. Based on the incomplete understanding of world geography at the time, Magellan expected a short journey to Asia, perhaps taking as little as three or four days.  In fact, the Pacific crossing took three months and twenty days. The long journey exhausted their supply of food and water, and around 30 men died, mostly of scurvy. Magellan himself remained healthy, perhaps because of his personal supply of preserved quince.

On 6 March 1521, the exhausted fleet made landfall at the island of Guam and were met by native Chamorro people who came aboard the ships and took items such as rigging, knives, and a ship’s boat. Magellan sent a raiding party ashore to retaliate, killing several Chamorro men, burning their houses, and recovering the stolen goods.

Magellan landing on Philippine shores

From Ladrones Islands (Islands of Thieves, now Marianas Islands) Ferdinand Magellan’s fleet went on their journey westward. At the dawn of Saturday, on March 16, 1521, they saw the towering heights of Samar and named the island Islas de San Lazaro, for it was the feast day of St. Lazarus. They stayed overnight off Suluan Island.  On the following day, they landed on the small uninhabited islet of Humunu (Homonhon) found at the mouth of Leyte Gulf and built two tents for the sick.

On the third day after their arrival on March 18, they met nine natives from the neighboring island of Suluan who arrived in a boat. Seeing them as friendly people, Magellan gave them red caps, mirrors, combs, small I ells, ivory, fine linen cloth, and other trifles. In return, the Islanders gave them their cargo of bananas, fish, coconuts, and palm wine (tuba).

On Holy Thursday, March 28, the fleet landed in another island called Mazaua, which could be Limasawa in Leyte or Masao in Butuan. Rajah Kolambu was rowed to where the Europeans were. At first, he refused to board Magellan’s big ship. Finally, the rajah welcomed Magellan and visited him aboard his ship. He gave Magellan three porcelain jars of rice, while Magellan gave a red cap and a red-and-yellow robe.

Subsequently, Magellan’s men held a mock fight. The soldier in a suit of armor remained unhurt even after he was struck. Rajah Kolambu was fascinated and noted that one man in such attire was worth 100 fighters. These newcomers could help them win their battles. Thus, the Rajah decided to seal their new friendship. Afterward, he performed the kasi kasi or blood compact ceremony with Magellan on March 29, Good Friday.

Source.

info: Review and Lecture Notes in Philippine History blog/ Glimpse of the Eastern Visayas (Leyte, Samar and Biliran Islands) History by Biologist Buliklik on Flickr/

First Blood Compact  “ Kasi Kasi”

In those days, it was customary among the indigenous and in most of southeast Asia—to seal friendship with a blood compact. On the instigation of Magellan who had heard the Malayan term for it, kasi kasi, the new friends performed the ritual. This was the first recorded blood compact between Filipinos and Spaniards. Gifts were exchanged by the two parties when the celebration had ended.

Baptism of Rajah Kulambu and Rajah Siaiu following the Ancient Ritual

On March 31, 1521, an Easter Sunday, Rajah Kulambu and Siagu were baptized as admission to Christianity.

Baptism, a sacrament of admission to Christianity is an ancient ritual of the four alchemical elements. The forms and rituals of the various Christian churches vary, but baptism almost invariably involves the use of water and the Trinitarian invocation, “I baptize you: In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” The candidate may be wholly or partly immersed in water, the water may be poured over the head, or a few drops may be sprinkled or placed on the head.

 

There are five universal symbols in Christian Baptism similar to Alchemical Elements of Creation

The Cross, a symbol of Jesus’ crucifixion is a solar glyph in alchemy. Resulta ng larawan para sa solar glyph of earth The sign of the cross formed by the hand is a symbol of the earth element, the solar glyph of the earth accompanied by prayers performing the element of the spirit Air.

The Oil is the symbol of the Holy Spirit representing Air element.  During a baptism, an aspirant is anointed with oil several times as a symbol of bringing the person and the Holy Spirit together.

Water is the composition of the divine life as well as purity and cleansing from the original nature of the element. In baptism, it is the actual pouring of water on the heading while reciting the words,

“I baptize you in the name of the FatherKaugnay na larawan and of the Son,  Kaugnay na larawanand of the Holy Kaugnay na larawan Spirit.”

In Christian baptism, the Holy water signifies, that life is given to man by God.

The Candle Light, a symbol of fire is represented by the passing of a lighted candle from the celebrant to the Godparents. Fire is essential to the survival of life, without the fire of light of the sun nothing would exist on earth. In alchemy, fire is attributed to transformational and purifying powers. It can give warmth and enable life, and it can also burn and destroy. In the spiritual plane, Fire stands for Light and in the physical plane, it is the Sun or Flame.

The White Garment, white as a symbol of purity and wearing a white garment during baptism symbolizes a new man to start a clean life in the eyes of God and his fellowmen.

Other familiar symbols are baptismal fonts, scriptural readings and prayers, and godparents. These represent the philosophies and teachings of the Christian religion patterned from the ancient teachings and traditions.

The First Mass, the Eucharistic Ceremony is the Libation Ritual of the Ancient

After the Baptism of Rajah Kulambu and Siagu on March 31, 1521, an Easter Sunday, Magellan ordered a Mass to be celebrated which was officiated by Father Pedro Valderrama, the Andalusian chaplain of the fleet, the only priest then. Conducted near the shores of the island, the First Holy Mass marked the birth of Roman Catholicism in the Philippines. Rajah Kulambu and Rajah Siagu were the first natives of the archipelago, which was not yet named “Philippines” until the expedition of Ruy Lopez de Villalobos in 1543, to attend the Mass among other native inhabitants.

The ordered celebrant (priest or bishop) is understood to act in persona Christi, as he imitates the words and gestures of Jesus Christ at the Last Supper. By virtue of the mediation of the Holy Spirit, which is said to be present in the apostolic church, and through the words proffered by the celebrant, which is similar to the Word of God the Son, there takes place a transubstantiation of: the Wine into the Precious Blood, and the sacramental Bread into the Holy Body of Jesus Christ, or the transmutation of basic elements the prima materia – sulfur, salt and mercury into gold.

The whole alchemical process from Baptism to Eucharistic ceremony is the secret ritual of the Knights Templar, the Rosicrucian and other ancient secret societies and mystery schools.

About Libation

A libation is a ritual pouring of a liquid, or grains such as rice, as an offering to a god or spirit, or in memory of the dead. It was common in many religions of antiquity and continues to be offered in cultures today.

Various substances have been used for libations, most commonly wine or other alcoholic drinks, olive oil, honey, and in India, ghee. The vessels used in the ritual, including the patera, often had a significant form which differentiated them from secular vessels. The libation could be poured onto something of religious significance, such as an altar, or into the earth.

Libation was part of ancient Egyptian society where it was a drink offering to honor and please the various divinities, sacred ancestors, humans present and not present, as well as the environment.  It is suggested that libation originated somewhere in the upper Nile Valley and spread out to other regions of Africa and the world.

source info: Wikipedia

Planting of the cross with the sign INRI

In the afternoon of the same day, Magellan instructed his comrades to plant a large wooden cross on the top of the hill overlooking the sea.  Magellan’s chronicler, Antonio Pigafetta, who recorded the event said:

“After the cross was erected in position, each of us repeated a Pater Noster and an Ave Maria, and adored the cross; and the kings [Colambu and Siaiu] did the same.”

INRI means (Latin: Iēsus Nazarēnus, Rēx Iūdaeōrum) represents the Latin inscription (in John 19:19), which in English translates to “Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews”,Jesus is connected with the Divine, leads many people to connect INRI with the Tetragrammaton (יהוה or YHVH) the sacred name of God from the Old Testament.

Albert Pike, in Morals and Dogma, applies this concept in the 18th Degree: Infinity • Nature • Reason • Immortality

The Rosicrucians used them as the initials of one of their Hermetic secrets: Ignis Natura Renovat Integram Latin for “Fire completely renews nature”.

Alchemists adopted them to express the names of their three elementary principles salt, sulphur, and mercury by making them the initials of the sentence: Igne Nitrum Roris Invenitur Latin for “By fire the nitre of the dew is discovered”. Nitre is the mineral form of potassium nitrate or saltpeter.

Mackey’s Encyclopedia of Freemasonry gives the following use in the equivalent English letters of the initials of the Hebrew names of the ancient elements: Iaminim, water; Nour, fire; Ruach, air; and Iebschah, earth

 

Magellan in Cebu

Rajah Kulambu and Rajah Siagu, King of Limasawa guided Magellan to Cebu. There, he met Rajah Humabon, the Rajah of Cebu.

The story goes that Magellan met with Chief Humabon of the island of Cebu, who had an ill grandson. Magellan (or one of his men) was able to cure or help this young boy, and in gratitude Chief Humabon allowed 800 of his followers to be ‘baptized’ Christian in a mass baptism. [Source: Professor Susan Russell, Department of Anthropology, Center for Southeast Asian Studies Northern Illinois University, seasite.niu.edu]

Then Rajah Humabon and his queen were baptized into the Catholic faith, taking the Christian names Carlos, in honor of King Charles of Spain, and Juana, in honor of King Charles’ mother. To commemorate this event, Magellan gave Juana the Santo Niño, an image of the infant Jesus, as a symbol of their new alliance and held their first mass in the coast.

As a result of Magellan’s influence with Rajah Humabon, an order had been issued to the nearby chiefs that each of them was to provide food supplies for the ships and convert to Christianity.

Most chiefs obeyed the order. However, Datu Lapu-Lapu, one of the two chiefs within the island of Mactan, was the only chieftain to show his opposition.  Lapu-Lapu refused to accept the authority of Rajah Humabon in these matters. This opposition proved to be influential when Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan’s voyage chronicler,writes,

“On Friday, April twenty-six, Zula, the second chief of the island of Mactan, sent one of his sons to present two goats to the captain-general, and to say that he would send him all that he had promised, but that he had not been able to send it to him because of the other chief Lapu-Lapu, who refused to obey the king of Spain.”

Rajah Humabon and Datu Zula suggested to Magellan to go to the island of Mactan and force his subject chieftain Datu Lapu-Lapu to comply with his orders.  Magellan saw an opportunity to strengthen the existing friendship ties with the ruler of the Visayan region and agreed to help him subdue the resistant Lapu-Lapu.

Battle at Mactan Island

Lapu Lapu

Lapu Lapu

According to the documents of Italian historian Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan tried to convince Lapu-Lapu to comply with Rajah Humabon’s orders the night before the battle,

At midnight, sixty of us set out armed with corselets and helmets, together with the Christian king, the prince, some of the chief men, and twenty or thirty balanguais. [a type of Filipino boat] We reached Mactan three hours before dawn. The captain did not wish to fight then, but sent a message to the natives to the effect that if they would obey the king of Spain, recognize the Christian king as their sovereign, and pay us our tribute, he would be their friend; but that if they wished otherwise, they should wait to see how our lances wounded. They replied that if we had lances they had lances of bamboo and stakes hardened with fire. They said that in order to induce us to go in search of them; for they had dug certain pit holes filled with spikes between the houses in order that we might fall into them.

Pigafetta writes how Magellan deployed forty-nine armored men with swords, axes, shields, crossbows, and guns, and sailed for Mactan in the morning of 28 April. A number of native warriors who had converted to Christianity also came to their aid.   According to Pigafetta, because of the rocky outcroppings, and coral near the beach, the Spanish soldiers could not land on Mactan. Forced to anchor their ships far from shore, Magellan could not bring his ships’ cannons to bear on Lapu-Lapu’s warriors, who numbered more than 1,500.

“When morning came, forty-nine of us leaped into the water up to our thighs, and walked through water for more than two cross-bow flights before we could reach the shore. The boats could not approach nearer because of certain rocks in the water. The other men remained behind to guard the boats. When we reached land, [the natives] had formed in three divisions to the number of more than one thousand five hundred persons. When they saw us, they charged down upon us with ear-shattering loud cries… The musketeers and crossbow-men shot from a distance for about a half-hour, but uselessly…”

The musketeers boats could not get close enough for their crossbows to reach shore due.

Magellan and his men then tried to scare them off by burning some houses in Bulaia. But the natives surprised them by raining a barrage of arrows, but due to the shields and helmets of the Spaniards, they left no permanent damage.

“Seeing that, Magellan sent some men to burn their houses in order to terrify them. When they saw their houses burning, they were roused to greater fury. Some of our men were killed near the houses, while we burned twenty or thirty houses. So many of them rained down upon us that the captain was shot through the right leg with a poisoned arrow. On that account, he ordered us to a frontal assault. But the men took to flight, except ten to fifteen of us who remained with the captain. The natives shot only at our legs, for the latter were bare; and so many were the spears and stones that they hurled at us, that we could offer no resistance. The mortars in the boats could not aid us as they were too far away.”

When the natives charged to their position, Magellan ordered his men to fire at them using their rifles and crossbows, but for a short period of time. Out of ammunition, they switched to their swords and axes and fought with the captain. At least 10 Spaniards were killed and the others withdrew.

Many of the warriors specifically attacked Magellan. In the struggle, he was wounded in the arm with a spear and in the leg by a kampilan. Those who stood beside him were easily overpowered and killed, while the others who tried to help him were hacked by spears and swords. With this advantage, Lapu-Lapu’s troops finally overwhelmed and killed Magellan. Pigafetta and a few others managed to escape.

“Recognizing the captain, so many turned upon him that they knocked his helmet off his head twice… an Indian hurled a bamboo spear into the captain’s face, but the latter immediately killed him with his lance, which he left in the Indian’s body. Then, trying to lay hand on sword, he could draw it out but halfway, because he had been wounded in the arm with a bamboo spear. When the natives saw that, they all rushed themselves upon him. One of them wounded him on the left leg with a large cutlass, which resembles a scimitar, only being larger. That caused the captain to fall face downward, when immediately they rushed upon him with iron and bamboo spears and with their cutlasses until they killed our mirror, our light, our comfort, and our true guide. When they wounded him, he turned back many times to see whether we were all in the boats. Thereupon, beholding him dead, we, wounded, retreated, as best we could, to the boats, which were already pulling off…”

According to Pigafetta, several of Magellan’s men were killed in battle, and a number of natives converted to Catholicism who had come to their aid were immediately killed by the warriors.

Magellan’s allies, Humabon and Zula, were said not to have taken part in the battle due to Magellan’s bidding, and they watched from a distance.

Aftermath

When the body of Magellan was recovered by the warriors, Humabon ordered him to return the bodies of Magellan and some of his crew who were killed, and they would be given as much merchandise as they wished. Lapu-Lapu refused.

Some of the soldiers who survived the battle and returned to Cebu were poisoned while attending a feast given by Humabon.

Following his death, Magellan was initially succeeded by co-commanders Juan Serrano and Duarte Barbosa (with a series of other officers later leading). The fleet left the Philippines (following a bloody betrayal by former ally Rajah Humabon) and eventually made their way to the Moluccas –the Spice Islands in November 1521

Loaded with cloves, the two ships continued homeward. Along the way, the Portuguese captured one vessel reducing the original fleet of five ships to one. Finally, on September 6, 1522, almost exactly three years after its departure, the Victoria with nineteen crew aboard returned to Spain.

Antonio Pigafetta, a Knight of Rhodes

Pigafetta’s exact year of birth is not known, with estimates ranging between 1480 and 1491. The birth year of 1491 would have made him around 30 years old during Magellan’s expedition, which historians have considered more probable than an age close to 40.[1] Pigafetta belonged to a rich family city of Vicenza in northeast Italy. In his youth, he studied astronomy, geography, and cartography. He then served on board the ships of the Knights of Rhodes at the beginning of the 16th century. Until 1519, he accompanied the papal nuncio, Monsignor Francesco Chieregati, to Spain.

In Seville, Pigafetta heard of Magellan’s planned expedition and decided to join, accepting the title of supernumerary (sobresaliente), and a modest salary of 1,000 maravedís.[2] During the voyage, which started in August 1519, Pigafetta collected extensive data concerning the geography, climate, flora, fauna and the native inhabitants of the places that the expedition visited. His meticulous notes proved invaluable to future explorers and cartographers, mainly due to his inclusion of nautical and linguistic data, and also to latter-day historians because of its vivid, detailed style. The only other sailor to maintain a journal during the voyage was Francisco Albo, Victoria’s last pilot, who kept a formal logbook.

Pigafetta was wounded on Mactan in the Philippines, where Magellan was killed in the Battle of Mactan in April 1521 by the local ruler Lapu-Lapu. Nevertheless, he recovered and was among the 18 who accompanied Juan Sebastián Elcano on board the Victoria on the return voyage to Spain.

Upon reaching port in Sanlúcar de Barrameda in the modern Province of Cadiz in September 1522, three years after his departure, Pigafetta returned to the Republic of Venice. He related his experiences in the “Report on the First Voyage Around the World” (Italian: Relazione del primo viaggio intorno al mondo), which was composed in Italian and was distributed to European monarchs in the handwritten form before it was eventually published by Italian historian Giovanni Battista Ramusio in 1550–59. The account centers on the events in the Mariana Islands and the Philippines, although it included several maps of other areas as well, including the first known use of the word “Pacific Ocean” (Oceano Pacifico) on a map.[2] The original document was not preserved.

However, it was not through Pigafetta’s writings that Europeans first learned of the circumnavigation of the globe. Rather, it was through an account written by a Flanders-based writer Maximilianus Transylvanus, which was published in 1523. Transylvanus had been instructed to interview some of the survivors of the voyage when Magellan’s surviving ship Victoria returned to Spain in September 1522 under the command of Juan Sebastian Elcano. After Magellan and Elcano’s voyage, Pigafetta utilized the connections he had made prior to the voyage with the Knights of Rhodes to achieve membership in the order.

Death of the Captain from the diary of the Italian Antonio Pigafetta

In the following excerpt, Antonio describes the death of Magellan on an island of the Philippines.

Searching for a way to control the native population after he leaves the island, Magellan persuades one of the local chiefs to convert to Christianity (referred to by Antonio as the “Christian King”). Magellan hopes to make this chieftain supreme over the remaining local tribes and loyal to the King of Spain. To bolster this chief’s local supremacy, Magellan decides that a show of force, particularly the power of his muskets and cannon, against a neighboring tribe will impress the natives into submission.

Magellan orders an attack but miscalculates. He does not take into account that the reefs along the island’s beach will not allow his ships to get into effective range for their cannon. As the battle is joined along the beach, the Spanish fire their muskets ineffectively from too far a distance despite Magellan’s attempt to order his crew to a cease-fire. Emboldened, the natives rush into the water flinging spears at the unprotected legs and feet of the Spanish. The crew abandons Magellan in panic and the Captain is soon overwhelmed:

“When morning came, forty-nine of us leaped into the water up to our thighs, and walked through water for more than two cross-bow flights before we could reach the shore. The boats could not approach nearer because of certain rocks in the water. The other eleven men remained behind to guard the boats. When we reached land, those men had formed in three divisions to the number of more than one thousand five hundred persons. When they saw us, they charged down upon us with exceeding loud cries, two divisions on our flanks and the other on our front.

When the captain saw that, he formed us into two divisions, and thus did we begin to fight. The musketeers and crossbow-men shot from a distance for about a half-hour, but uselessly; for the shots only passed through the shields which were made of thin wood and the arms [of the bearers]. The captain cried to them, “Cease firing cease firing!” but his order was not at all heeded. When the natives saw that we were shooting our muskets to no purpose, crying out they determined to stand firm, but they redoubled their shouts. When our muskets were discharged, the natives would never stand still, but leaped hither and thither, covering themselves with their shields. They shot so many arrows at us and hurled so many bamboo spears (some of them tipped with iron) at the captain-general, besides pointed stakes hardened with fire, stones, and mud, that we could scarcely defend ourselves.

Seeing that, the captain-general sent some men to burn their houses in order to terrify them. When they saw their houses burning, they were roused to greater fury. Two of our men were killed near the houses, while we burned twenty or thirty houses. So many of them charged down upon us that they shot the captain through the right leg with a poisoned arrow. On that account, he ordered us to retire slowly, but the men took to fight, except six or eight of us who remained with the captain.

The natives shot only at our legs, for the latter were bare; and so many were the spears and stones that they hurled at us, that we could offer no resistance. The mortars in the boats could not aid us as they were too far away.

So we continued to retire for more than a good crossbow flight from the shore always fighting up to our knees in the water. The natives continued to pursue us and picking up the same spear four or six times, hurled it at us again and again. Recognizing the captain, so many turned upon him that they knocked his helmet off his head twice, but he always stood firmly like a good knight, together with some others. Thus did we fight for more than one hour, refusing to retire farther.

A native hurled a bamboo spear into the captain’s face, but the latter immediately killed him with his lance, which he left in the Indian’s body. Then, trying to lay hand on sword, he could draw it out but halfway, because he had been wounded in the arm with a bamboo spear. When the natives saw that, they all hurled themselves upon him. One of them wounded him on the left leg with a large cutlass, which resembles a scimitar, only being larger. That caused the captain to fall face downward when immediately they rushed upon him with iron and bamboo spears and with their cutlasses until they killed our mirror, our light, our comfort, and our true guide. When they wounded him, he turned back many times to see whether we were all in the boats. Thereupon, beholding him dead, we, wounded, retreated, as best we could, to the boats, which were already pulling off.”

References:

Paige, Paula, Spurlin (translator), The Voyage of Magellan, the Journal of Antonio Pigafetta (1969); Robertson James Alexander, Magellan’s Voyage Around the World (1906) reprinted in: Nowell, Charles E. Magellan’s Voyage Around the World, Three Contemporary Accounts (1962); Zewig, Stefan, The Story of Magellan (1938).

magella cross 1

magella cross 2

Magellan’s Cross  in the Island of Cebu

Magellan planted a cross to signify this important event about the propagation of the Roman Catholic faith in what is now Cebu, in the central Philippines. The original cross is reputedly encased in another wooden cross for protection, as people started chipping it away in the belief that it had miraculous healing powers. This prompted the government officials to encase it in tindalo wood and secured it inside a small chapel called “kiosk.” Some say, however, that the original cross was actually destroyed. The Magellan cross displayed here is said to be a replica of such cross. It is housed in a small chapel located in front of the present city hall of Cebu, along Magallanes Street (named in honor of Magellan).

It took another 45 years (1565) before Cebu was visited again by another European. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, under orders from King Philip of Spain, came and made Cebu the first capital of the Spanish colony known as Las Islas Filipinas.

Philippines named after King Charles I son, Philip II

Forty-four years later, in 1565, a large part of Cebu was destroyed by a fire. The fire was set on purpose by the Spaniards as a punishment for hostile activities of the Cebu king Cebuanos. In one of the burned houses, a Spanish soldier found the image of Santo Niño. Remarkably it was unscratched! Since then, the miraculous image has been treated by the Cebuanos as its patron saint. At present, the miraculous image is kept in the Parish convent. A replica, adorned with gold and precious stones and enshrined in glass, is housed inside the Basilica Minor del Santo in Cebus city.

After Magellan’s voyage, Spain sent five expeditions Loaisa (1525), Cabot (1526), Saavedra (1527), Villalobos (1542), and Legazpi (1564) The Legazpi expedition was the most successful, resulting in the colonization of the islands. Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, commander of the fourth expedition, renamed the islands after the heir to the Spanish throne, Philip, Charles I’s son. Philip, as King Philip II, sent a fresh fleet led by the Spanish Conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi to the islands in the mid-16th century with strict orders to colonize and Catholicism. In 1565 an agreement was signed by Legazpi and Tupas, the defeated chief of Cebu, which made every Filipino answerable to Spanish law.

Legazpi arrived with 400 settlers and a group of friars. Some say the Philippines was formally established as a Spanish colony when Legazpi and Sikatuna, the chief on the island of Bohol, signed a treaty with their own blood. Legazpi established the first permanent settlement, called San Miguel, on Cebu. He reached Panay in 1569 and Manila in 1571 and died 1572.

The church was built near the place where the Santo Niño was found in the burned house. On this place, the Spaniards built three churches. The first two churches were built out of wood and nipa. These burned down. The present church dates were built in 1735. In 1965 it was given the name “Basilica Minor del Santo Niño”.

“Legazpi, his soldiers and a band of Augustinian monks wasted no time in establishing a settlement where Cebu City now stands; Fort San Pedro is a surviving relic of the era. First called San Miguel, then Santisimo Nombre de Jesus, this fortified town hosted the earliest Filipino-Spanish Christian weddings and, critically, the baptisms of various Cebuano leaders. Panay Island’s people have beaten into submission soon after, with Legazpi establishing a vital stronghold there (near present-day Roxas) in 1569.

In 1571, realizing that they could not sustain their colony in Cebu in the central Philippines, the Spaniards moved north and began building a fortified city on Manila Bay, which has a world-class harbor and is accessible to the open Pacific Ocean and Asia. The city quickly attracted merchants who made a major trading center.

On 19 May 1571, Rajah Sulaiman III and Rajah Matanda ceded the Kingdom of Maynila to the Spanish, with Legaspi co-consecrating the city to Saint Pudentiana. In 1578, Phillip II of Spain issued a royal decree invoking Our Lady of Guidance to be “sworn patroness” of Manila, making her the city’s titular patroness. The statue was initially enshrined at Manila Cathedral until 1606 when the original parish compound was built. Called La Hermita (“The Hermitage”), it was constructed using bamboo, nipa, and molave wood. It was later rebuilt with cement but was heavily damaged by an earthquake in 1810.

The Philippines is the only Christian nation in Asia. More than 86 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 6 percent belong to various nationalized Christian cults, and another 2 percent belong to the protestant group. In addition to the Christian majority, there is a vigorous 4 percent Muslim community concentrated on the southern islands of Mindanao, Sulu, and Palawan.

Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, Library of Congress, Philippines Department of Tourism, Compton’s Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Smithsonian magazine, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Foreign Policy, Wikipedia, BBC, CNN, and various books, websites and other publications.

Knights Templar Cross at Rizal Park, Manila

rizal park 2

Rizal Park

https://www.google.com/maps/place/Statue+of+the+Sentinel+of+Freedom/@14.5840672,120.9789454,554m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m12!1m6!3m5!1s0x3397ca255e7e133f:0xb72a3487b6759a32!2sLiwasang+Rizal!8m2!3d14.5831177!4d120.9794171!3m4!1s0x3397ca2404f6eac7:0x1d5bab9776f3ca33!8m2!3d14.5842402!4d120.9814272

manila coffin

Masonic Coffin Layout and Clock Tower Obelisk of Manila City Hall aligned the left side of the cross while on the right is the Paco Cemetery , both of which symbolize  death and resurrection mystery ritual.

manila agrifina circle

Agrifina Circle during 1970 with the skating rink and a globe with water feature, a good representation of the ‘all seeing eye’. The two symmetrical buildings on the left and right are the arms of the cross.

rosy cross

From the 18th Degree Knight of Rose Croix of the moral and Dogma by Albert Pike;

“The Degree of Rose Cross teaches three things;—the unity, immutability, and goodness of God; the immortality of the Soul; and the ultimate defeat and extinction of evil and wrong and sorrow, by a Redeemer or Messiah, yet to come, if he has not already appeared.

The ROSE, was anciently sacred to Aurora and the Sun. It is a symbol of Dawn, of the resurrection of Light and the renewal of life, and therefore of the dawn of the first day, and more particularly of the resurrection: and the Cross and Rose together are therefore hieroglyphical to be read, the Dawn of Eternal Life which all Nations have hoped for by the advent of a Redeemer.”

From Rosicrucian

Master Rosicrucian  Max Heindel had written, “the blood-red rose shows the passion filled blood of the human race, and the goal to bring the pure and holy state to which man will attain when he has cleansed and purified his blood from desire, when he has become chaste, pure and Christ-like.

Thus we see that in time the present passionate mode of generation will be again superceded by a pure and more efficient method than the present, and that also is symbolized in the Rose Cross where the rose is placed in the center between the four arms. The long limb represents the body, the two horizontals, the two arms and the short upper limb, the head. The the rose is in place of the larynx.

The rose, like any other flower, is the generative organ of the plant. Its green stem carries the colorless, passionless plant-blood. The blood-red rose shows the passion filled blood of the human race, but in the rose the vital fluid is not sensuous, it is chaste and pure. Thus it is an excellent symbol of the generative organ in the pure and holy state to which man will attain when he has cleansed and purified his blood from desire, when he has become chaste, pure and Christ-like.

Therefore the Rosicrucians look ardently forward to the day when the roses shall bloom upon the cross of humanity, therefore the Elder Brothers greet the aspiring soul with the words of the Rosicrucian Greeting: “May the Roses bloom upon your Cross,” and therefore the greeting is given in the meetings of the Fellowship Centers by the leader to the assembled students, probationers and disciples who respond to the greeting by saying “And on yours, also.”  (The Rosicrucian Cosmo-conception; Or, Mystic Christianity) .

The Cross

“Cross-shaped object is ancient symbol to represent the four physical elements. Here each arm is colored to represent one element: yellow, blue, black and red to represent air, water, earth and fire. These colors are also repeated on the bottom portion of the cross. The white on the upper portion of bottom arm represents spirit, the fifth element.

The cross can also represent dualism, two forces going in conflicting directions yet uniting at a central point. The union of rose and cross is also a generative symbol, the union of male of female.

Finally, the cross’s proportions are made up of six squares: one for each arm, an extra one for the lower arm, and the center. A cross of six squares can be folded into a cube.

The Rose

The rose has three tiers of petals. The first tier, of three petals, represents the three basic alchemical elements: salt, mercury and sulfur. The tier of seven petals represents the seven Classical planets (The Sun and Moon are considered planets here, with the term “planets” indicating the seven bodies that appear to circle the earth independently of the star field, which moves as a single unit). The tier of twelve represent the astrological zodiac. Each of the twenty-two petals bears one of the twenty-two letters in the Hebrew alphabet and also represents the twenty-two paths on the Tree of Life.

The rose itself has a myriad assortment of additional meanings associated with it:

It is at once a symbol of purity and a symbol of passion, heavenly perfection and earthly passion; virginity and fertility; death and life. The rose is the flower of the goddess Venus but also the blood of Adonis and of Christ. It is a symbol of transmutation – that of taking food from the earth and transmuting it into the beautiful fragrant rose. The rose garden is a symbol of Paradise. It is the place of the mystic marriage. In ancient Rome, roses were grown in the funerary gardens to symbolize resurrection. The thorns have represented suffering and sacrifice as well as the sins of the Fall from Paradise. (“A Brief Study of The Rose Cross Symbol,” no longer online)

Inside the large rose is a smaller cross bearing a another rose. This second rose is depicted with five petals. Five is the number of the physical senses: sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell, and it is also the number of man’s extremities: two arms, two legs, and the head. Thus, the rose represents humanity and physical existence.”

The Symbolism of the Rose-Cross

The basic rose cross symbol is that of a rose appended to the junction of the two lines of the cross – the center point. But the traditional Rosicrucian symbol is a cross of 6 squares whereon is a red rose of five petals. The cross is of 6 squares for a number of reasons. It relates the cross to the number six which is the number of the Tree of rife Sphere to which it corresponds, (See the Tree of Life diagram in the appendix) that is, the Sphere of Tiphareth (Beauty) also known as the Sphere of the Sun. The cross of six squares is also the unfolded cube of six faces. The perfect cube has been used to represent the Holy of Holies since Old Testament times. We know the tabernacle was 10 cubits in length, breadth, and height. The Sanctum Sanctorum of Solomon’s Temple likewise was cubically shaped using the measure of 20 cubits. In Revelation (21:17-18) the New Jerusalem is likened to a perfect cube of pure gold. Gold is related to the cube, cross, and Sun sphere for a number of reasons. Gold is the metal associated with the sun. But also Qabalistically, the cube unfolds to a cross of six; this means that the units around the cross (the perimeter) add up to 14. The Hebrew word zahabmeans gold and the letters of the word add up to 14 (Zain + Heh + Beth or 7 + 5 + 2 = 14). In addition, all these symbols that correspond to six correspond geometrically to the hexagram.

The rose is, as mentioned before, related to the number 5 and the pentagram. It is the flower of Venus, the Goddess of Love. Also as mentioned before, it is a sign of secrecy (Cupid, Venus’s son, is sometimes represented holding his finger to his lips as was the Egyptian Harpocrates.) Being the number five, it also is related to the hypotenuse of the 3-4-5 right triangle.

One of the earliest depictions of the rose and cross is in the manuscript titled the Secret Symbols of the Rosicrucians (Geheime Figures der Rosenkreuzer aus dem l6en und 17th Jahrhundert), published in 1785. (Again, see appendix) Around the upper part of the cross is written: “This is the Golden and Rosy Cross, made of pure gold, which every Brother wears on his Breast.” The Rose-Cross Lamen of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn may be derived from this figure as they have very many common elements as will be seen upon comparison. I have included the Golden Dawn Rose-Cross lamen in the appendix in both black and white and in color (the approximate correct colors). Also given is a front view and the back view. Let us examine the Rose-Cross lamen in some detail.

The lamen is a cross with each arm representing one of the four elements: Fire – red, Water – blue, Air – yellow, and Earth – citrine, olive, black and russet. Each arm is depicted with an upright pentagram crowned with Spirit representing that he who wears this is Master of the Four Worlds. This is confirmed by the glyph of the hexagram surrounded by the planetary symbols with the sign of the sun at the center.

The ending of each arm of the cross is triple with each segment assigned to one of the three alchemical principles: sulphur, salt, and mercury. The three segments upon the four arms allude also to the 12 signs of the zodiac. At the center of the cross is the rose of 22 petals. The rose is divided into 3 petals at the center, 7 petals in the second circle, and 12 in the outer circle. They are depicted in the appropriate Hebrew letters and colors as such: the three so-called Mother Letters in the primary colors (yellow, blue, and red), the 7 double letters in the secondary colors, and the 12 single letters in the chromatic color scale. Of course they also represent the 3 elements (the fourth being an admixture), the 7 planets of the ancients, and the 12 zodiac signs. In the midst of this rose is another rose-cross. Behind this Rose-Cross lamen are rays of white light with the signs of L.V.X. and I.N.R.I. written thereon.

In order to strengthen the connection of this symbol with our Society’s aims and teachings it might helpful to go over some of the correspondences and qabalistic allusions. First let us consider that in the Rose-Cross we are looking into the Mysteries of the Pentagram and the Hexagram. The Pentagram is a symbol that relates the 4 Ancients or Elements in a proper perspective to the Spirit. The elements are depicted by the symbol of the fixed signs of the Zodiac which relate to each one. That is the following:

Fire            Water              Air                Earth

Leo             Scorpio            Aquarius       Taurus

Lion           Eagle               Man               Bull

5th Sign     8th Sign          11th Sign      2nd Sign

Yod (10)    Heh (5)           Vav (6)         Heh (5)

Atziluth     Briah              Yetzirah         Assiah

(As an aside: Each side of the Vault is 8 x 5 or 8+5+8+5 = 26 which equals the Unpronounceable Name of God = Yod-Heh-Vav-Heh = 26) The hexagram represents all the cosmic forces because it not only depicts the planets but also the zodiac. But we must also consider that the planets depicted are also symbols of more esoteric doctrines. Some of the correspondences are as follows:

Planet     Metal      Angel         Chakra           Location

Mercury   mercury  Raphael       Sahssrara        Pineal gland

Moon       silver      Gabriel        Ajna                Pituitary body

Venus      copper    Anael          Vishuddha       Pharyngeal

Sun          gold        Michael       Anahata           Cardiac plexus

Jupiter      tin          Tzadkiel      manipura         Solar plexus

Mars        iron        Kamael        Svadhisthansa  Prostatic

Saturn      lead       Tsaphkiel     muladhara        Sacral plexus

At the end of the arms of the cross we have the alchemical symbols which mean much more than their mundane meanings. Their associations are as follows:

Mercury               Sulphur              Salt

Superconscious     Self-conscious     Subconscious

Kether                   Chokmah             Binah

Sattvaguna            Rasguna              Tamasguna

It should be apparent that great care was taken in the design of this symbol. And it should be clear how this lamen synthesizes the entire First Order teachings as well as embodies that of the whole Rosicrucian Fraternity as well. It contains the Kabalah, numerology, the elements, the pentagram taught in the Zelator degree, the four worlds , the Hebrew Divine Name, the color symbolism found in the Theoricus grade, the alchemy taught in the Practicus grade, ancient philosophies and the deep mysteries of I.N.R.I. and alludes to the esoteric connections of the world religions particularly Christianity.

.

Sources:

Portuguese Templars

“Templar Survival in Portugal

Besides other possible ways of Templar survival, there is certainty of their continuance in Portugal. That was through the Portugeuse Order of Christ – which is a state order. When the templars were suppressed, the King of Portugal, King Dinis, received an exemption from the Pope and all lands etc were kept safe for the order. The name reverted to the original name of the order, the Order of Christ and the gift was in the hands of the king. The Pope only allowed this however, if he also was able to confer the Order of Christ. Thus there are two branches today of the templars related to Portugal, “The Order of Christ” which is a Portuguese order and the highest order of the Vatican state, also called “The Order of Christ.”  Only these two branches of the same order can claim to have any decent from the Templars..”

Who were the Knights Templar?: The Telegraph.

Templar History: TemplarHistory.com.

The Knights Templar: Slate.

Busting the Myth of Friday the 13th and the Knights Templar: National Geographic.

The Knights Templars: New Advent.

https://www.vigattintourism.com/tourism/articles/Magellans-Cross-A-Tangible-Symbol-of-the-Catholic-Faith-in-the-Philippines

 

About the Writer:

Gabriel Comia, Jr., researcher, is a member of Far East Commandery No.1, Knights Templar of the Grand York Rite Philippines and a  Roman Catholic who previously served St. James the Greater Parish, Ayala Alabang Village as Special Minister of Holy Communion.

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Holiness to the Lord

Image may contain: 9 people, including Chito R. Ramos and Ceasar Gascon, people smiling, people sitting and indoor

Grand York Rite of the Philippines Joint Conferral with Manila Chapter No. 2 conferring the Royal Arch Masons Degree ..me with the team during the coffee break, from labor to refreshment…May 4, 2019 (photo by C&SK EfrenEfren Egcd Garcia)

From L-R
C&SK Ceasar Gascon
C&SK Neil Menguito {LPDO}
C&SK Tom Rogacion {LPDO}
C&SK Efren Egcd Garcia { ret City Engr Los Angeles. CA}
Most Excellent Juanito P. Abergas {PGM, ret Usec Dpwh}
C&SK Maven Biscarra {LPDO}
Most Excellent Sonny Leviste { General Grand York Rite }
me { C&SK Gabriel Comia, Jr.
C&SK Paulo Flores

Wind and Water at Festival Mall Alabang

Feng Shui which literally means “wind water” is the Chinese art of Geomancy for good placement to achieve harmony and balance with the environment.  When water flows slowly, so does the qi – the circulating life force whose existence and properties are the basis of much Chinese philosophy and medicine.

The basic principle of feng shui is chi or energy. It is a feng shui principle that is used throughout all of life. It links the energy of all things together. There can be chi or energy of the earth, the atmosphere, and people. We can see the quality of chi expressed through areas of color, form, shape, sound and the various cycles in nature. Feng shui principles work to ensure that the chi is allowed to keep flowing and not get stuck or depleted.

In feng shui principles, there are two main types of feng shui that we need to consider. One of these is physical and contains the actual structures, surroundings, buildings, roads, and design. The other involves directional influences that although are invisible, still have an influence on our lives and how we relate to space and time. We need to take both feng shui principles into consideration when evaluating the chi qualities of an environment.

Actual Representation of Wind and Water at Festival Mall Lagoon

 

Situated at 12O degrees East South East facing the lagoon is a small waterfall cascading the developed creek with crocodile concrete figure instead of a dragon feature.  In Chinese Loupan or Bagua, the orientation of the 120 ESE degree corresponds to the dragon.

This body of water is a natural creek enhanced by the mall designer perhaps adapting the principle of Feng shui to harmonize and balance the chi of the area. This gives the serenity, the collected energy to bring power to the physical body,  one is experiencing when resting on the area.

The atrium or the lobby opening between Starbucks and Coffeebean and Tea Leaf coffee shops serve as the gateway for the dragon to drink water from the lagoon. Watch it between 7am- 9am every day.

East South East Entrance

About the Writer

Gabriel Comia, Jr. is a student practitioner of Chinese Art of Metaphysics, Bazi, Ziwei Dou Shu, Feng Shui, and Dim Mak.

 

 

 

Da Vinci’s Last Supper: Archetype of the Four Alchemical Elements of Nature

last_supper

Last Supper 

More often, one may notice the printed painting of the Last Supper hanging on dining walls of many Filipino homes, a customary tradition for the predominantly Roman Catholic country which was ruled by Spain for more than 300 years since 1521. Aside from the painting, some are sculptured wood did by artisans or hammered stainless and aluminum metal artistically embossed crafts.

Most people who are patrons of this religious art do not have the idea that the artist of this masterpiece was Leonardo Da Vinci, an Italian master of the art, painter, inventor, mathematician, alchemist, and follower of ancient philosophy. The mural painting housed by the refectory of the Convent of Santa Maria Delle Grazie in Milan, Italy covers the end wall of the dining hall which measures 4.6m x 8.8m using egg tempera popularly painting medium during that time before the development of the oil painting.

The painting represents the scene of the Last Supper of Jesus with his apostles, as it is told in the Gospel of John, 13:21

  • From Right:   Bartholomew, James, son of Alphaeus, and Andrew form the 1st  group of three.
  • Judas Iscariot, Peter, and John { Mary Magdalene} form the 2nd group of three.
  • Jesus Christ { Center}
  • Apostle Right of Jesus:  ThomasJames the Greater, and Philip are the next group of three.
  • Matthew, Jude Thaddeus, and Simon the Zealot are the final group of three.

The Alchemical Allegory of the Last Supper

Da Vinci’s Last Supper focuses on Jesus Christ as the center of the painting with the Apostles divided equally into both sides in a group of four by three. What is the meaning behind the formation?

According to the ancients, the First Matter has a fourfold structure which they attributed to the existence of four archetypal forces or elements of creation which they named Earth, Water, Air, and Fire.

 Genesis 1: 1-3: In the beginning, God created the heaven and the Earth. And the earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit (Air)of God moved upon the face of the Waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was Light (Fire).”

Empedocles  (494 BC), a Greek philosopher, was the first Philosopher who formalized the cosmogonic theory of the four classical elements. In his Tetrasomia “Doctrine of the Four Elements”,    Fire and Air are “outwardly reaching” elements, reaching up and out, whereas Earth and Water turn inward and downward.

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)  promoted Empedocles’ idea that all materials on Earth were composed of the four elements water, air, earth, and fire. Aristotle added a fifth element called ether, which was supposedly a perfect substance of which heavenly bodies were composed.  Aristotle believed that humans were a complex mixture of the four elements. Since people were not all alike, there had to be differences in the amount of each element they were made up of.

Leonardo Da Vinci,  (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519), the painter of the Last Supper was once associated with the Rose Cross Movement during the Rennaisance Period. It was in  1495 to 1498  in Milan, Italy when he was commissioned by the Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza to do a mural painting of the Last Supper on the refectory of the city’s Monastery of Santa Maria Delle Grazie based on the Gospel of the Bible’s Passover Dinner.   It took him three years to complete the 4.6m x 8.8m mural as he could not find the right model for the personalities of Apostles including Jesus Christ.  From the book Leonardo’s Shadow by Christopher Grey, he was able to get volunteer model from store owners in the community whom he was indebted because of his financial difficulties of having short of payment from his mentor, the Duke.

Analyzing the formation of the apostles on the painting, it seems Leonardo  Da Vinci created an unusual esoteric pattern of the alchemical elements of creation, the four elements, the trinitarian principle: body, soul and spirit or the alchemical salt, sulfur, and mercury,  and then the duality of all things.

Last Supper - 4 Elements (2)

The last Supper representation of the Zodiac showing the equinoxes and solstices and their corresponding elements and modalities.

The Four Elements and the Three Modalities

According to the ancient wisdom of alchemy, these four elements form the basis of all life:

Fire, representing action and creativity, fuels the signs of Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius.

Water, symbolizing emotions, underlies the signs of Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces.

Air, corresponding to intellect, is the dominating force for Libra, Aquarius, and Gemini.

Earth, which stands for substance and practicality, is the hallmark of Capricorn, Taurus, and Virgo.

The Three Modalities

The four elements form the backbone of all Western mysteries, including Kabbalah. Each of the four elements can be expressed in three different modalities.  Astrology follows the four seasons, which correspond to the four elements, and each of these three month seasons is comprised of a cardinal, fixed, and mutable.

  • The cardinal modality marks the beginning of the season and the power of initiation.
  • The fixed modality corresponds to the middle of the season and the power of sustaining.
  • The mutable modality represents the end of the season and the power of change.
Elements and Modalities
Fire Water Air Earth
Cardinal Aries Cancer Libra Capricorn
Fixed Leo Scorpio Aquarius Taurus
Mutable Sagittarius Pisces Gemini Virgo

Each of the four elements presents a cardinal expression, a fixed expression, and a mutable expression. Four elements times three modalities equal twelve distinct energy fields and therefore the twelve signs.

Even though Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius, for example, are all fire signs, they each represent a different archetype. Aries personifies the warrior or soldier. Leo embodies the king, who is protected by the warrior. And Sagittarius connotes the prophet, wizard, or adviser, who ensures the upholding of the ethics of both the warrior and the king.

Aries, the cardinal fire sign, begins the process. Sagittarius, the mutable sign, acted as the messenger, the connector, the agent of change from one season to the next. Leo, the fixed fire sign, then receives the flame from Aries and strives to maintain it.

The fixed signs, embedded in the middle of the season, radiate the full force of the seasonal trend. Taurus occurs when spring blooms everywhere; Leo falls under the strongest sun. Scorpio, the sign of death, rules when the leaves fall from the trees, and Aquarius rules when ice and cold fiercely grip the ground.

The mutable signs, meanwhile, foster the transition of one season to the next in the same way that film editors endeavor to avoid jarring jump cuts between scenes. Gemini bridges spring and summer, Virgo ushers summer into autumn, Sagittarius shoots arrows from autumn to winter, and Pisces thaws winter into spring. Just as diversity and mutations in evolution ensure the survival of many different species and therefore a dynamic and functioning biosphere, the mutable signs provide the change and diversity that permit survival amid the earth’s changing physical states. The mutable guarantee our ability to adjust.

The Power of the Signs

Combining the characteristics of its element with these of its modality will determine the root power of any particular archetype.

Aries: cardinal fire. the root power stems from an ability to initiate (cardinal) action (fire). Success requires initiation, the pushing, and furthering of the goals.

Taurus: fixed earth. The power comes from stability (earth), patience, and sustaining (fixed) an effort for long periods of time. The need to connect to the five senses in matters that concern talents, values, and finances.

Gemini: mutable air. The root power manifests in the ability to adjust (mutable) the style of communication (air) to any fluctuating circumstance. Improvise (mutable) and wield intelligence (air).

Cancer: cardinal water. The power derives from initiating (cardinal) emotional processes (water). The giver (cardinal) of life, give birth (cardinal) to situations that will allow nurturing (water) people or projects.

Leo: fixed fire. The root power comes from perseverance (fixed) in action (fire). Can become famous and respected in your circles if you maintain a steady and focused (fixed) creative force (fire) with the ultimate goal of benevolence.

Virgo: mutable earth. The root power emerges from the ability to edit, fix, and adjust (mutable) situations so that life around becomes more efficient and effective (earth). This editorial work ultimately ought to be directed toward service to humankind.

Libra: cardinal air. Your power root lies in initiating (cardinal) communication (air). This ability grants you mastery over relationships and justice, provided that you initiate (cardinal) conversations and work on your diplomacy (air).

Scorpio: fixed water. the ower root springs from the ability to remain (fixed) intensely emotional and intimate (water) in relationships.

Sagittarius: mutable fire. the power emerges from the capacity to spread (mutable) philosophies, moral codes, and belief systems (fire), especially when engaging in an innate sense of optimism. The duty to humankind relates to teaching, learning, and adjusting (mutable) the negative attitudes and actions (fire) of others.

Capricorn:  cardinal earth. Your root power comes from initiating (cardinal) practical applications of talents, assets, and resources (earth). You embody the business plan of the zodiac wheel. Your success is assured when you set a definite goal (cardinal) and then practice patience and discipline (earth).

Aquarius: fixed air. the root power stems from a stable and consistent (fixed) interplay with the community and friends (air). Pillar (fixed) of a large group of people (air). Success lies in cultivating innovative, funny, and futuristic ideas (air).

Pisces:  mutable water, the root power derives from the capacity to improve life and generate change (mutable) via imagination, mysticism, and compassion (water). It can cultivate success with the sensitivity to the emotional (water) states of others. Dreams and fantasy (water) often serve as the tools by which manifest the preferred life.

 

The Rosicrucian Order of Studies                                                                                  

“According to the credo of the mysteries, only by developing one’s faculties of will, intuition, and reason to an extraordinary degree could one ever gain access to the hidden forces in the universe. Only through complete mastery of body, soul, and spirit could one see beyond death and perceive the pathways to be taken in the afterlife. Only when one has conquered fate and acquired divine freedom could he or she, the initiate, become a seer, a magician, an initiator.”

First Order  – Four Elements

Ancient of Earth
Ancient of  Air
Ancient of Water
Ancient of Fire

Second Order – Three Modalities
Adeptus Minor
Adeptus Major
Adeptus Exemptus

Third Order  – Polarity 
Magister
Magus

 

References:

– Internet Search

 

About:

Frater Gabriel Comia, Jr.  (VII Grade) is a member of Societas Rosicruciana In Civitatibus Foederatis (SRICF), Pearl of the Orient College,  and  Societas Italica Rosae+Crucis ( S.I.R.+C.), Italy.  A Master Mason under the jurisdiction of the Free and Accepted Masons of the Grand Lodge of the Philippines.

My Alchemical Quest for Immortality

Alchemy

Alchemy is an ancient practice shrouded in mystery and secrecy. Its practitioners mainly sought to turn lead into gold, a quest that has captured the imaginations of people for thousands of years.

Alchemy was based on the belief that there are four basic elements in nature: air, fire, water, and earth. Alchemists based their theories and experiments on the Aristotelian assumption that the world and everything in it is composed of four basic elements (air, earth, fire, and water), along with three that were called “essential” substances: salt, mercury, and sulfur. Today we know that the universe is made up of atoms and elements. Since lead and other metals are not composed of fire, air, earth, and water, it’s not possible to adjust the percentages of those elements and turn them into gold.

It is by proper arrangement of mineral substance can transform base metal into gold, the ultimate goal of the alchemist. But before one can be successful he has to transform itself.

“The word alchemy is thought to derive from an Egyptian word, ‘chem’ or ‘qem,’ meaning black — a reference to the black alluvial soils bordering the Nile … We know that the Greek word ‘chyma,’ meaning to fuse or cast metals, established itself in Arabic as ‘al kimia’ — from which alchemy is derived.” The Arabic role in the spread of alchemy is significant; many books on alchemy were translated into Arabic from the Greek before being introduced to European audiences.

Alchemical Ormus

Ormus is White Powder Gold, also called Ormus or even elixir of life, causes a change in the body. It creates a transmutation in the cellular structure, which affects the light that the cell contains.  Ormus can come from ocean water, river water, soil and volcanic ash, the skins and seeds of raw fruits and vegetables, and also from the platinum group metals themselves.

Now Alchemy Ormus is different from the rest in that while most Ormus is just the oceanic extract, Now Alchemy Ormus is the combination of both Monatomic Gold and Ormus extracted from two oceanic sources; the Dead Sea and the Himalayan Sea. This gives our Ormus it’s subtle yet powerful quality. Ormus has been called nourishment for the light body as well as, “The food of the Gods”. It raises your vibration by nourishing your light body. The physical body, as a manifestation of the light body, responds to this nourishment in a vast range of healthy, beneficial ways, depending on the individual needs of those using the Ormus. In this way, Ormus is like “Liquid Yoga”. People call it “The food of the Gods” because it activates and opens your third eye, scientifically known as the Pineal Gland. This increases psychic, telepathic, empathic and clairvoyant abilities. In raising your vibration, Ormus makes you less susceptible to lower vibrational thoughts such as worry, grief, fear, jealousy, and lack.

You should use Ormus on a daily basis. It is more important now than ever that Ormus is used as a daily addition to one’s nutritional regimen because soil no longer contains Ormus like it used to. Nor do the foods we eat, or the water we drink. Give Ormus some time to work. You can put it in your water, or even in your food. It should be used daily and as above so below, your external environment will begin to shift to match the increase in vibration of your internal environment. 

The first documented use of Ormus dates back to Lemuria, where it was made by the high priests and fed to the Kings who lived far beyond what would be considered a normal human life expectancy. Then a similar process is documented throughout Atlantis and Ancient Egypt. King Solomon also made Ormus in 950 BC.

Ormus is an alchemically collected 4th dimensional substance that occurs in nature. The term Ormus comes from Orbitally Rearranged Monatomic Elements and was coined by David Hudson, a farmer who discovered this substance’s vibrational characteristics in his soil and invested millions of dollars into research concluding that an element can exist in its Ormus state, i.e. Ormus Gold, Ormus Silver, Ormus Copper, Ormus Palladium, ect. Ormus elements can be of metals, such as gold, but they do not exist in their metal state, which would be toxic to the body, but rather in their m-state form, which is bio-available and actually magnificently beneficial to the body in numerous regenerative ways, all pertaining specifically to that element. David Hudson’s research further concluded that the Ormus substances are not technically monatomic, but similar in that they do not exist in large clusters such as mineral forms of these elements do. Rather than micro-clusters of metal to metal bonds Ormus elements exist in a cooper paring relationship. an Ormus element is a super-conducting element in a class all on it’s own, separate from the periodic table. This is a high-spin state of elements and has more accurately been termed, m-state elements, but still widely referred to as Ormus, or monatomic elements.

It is by this description that I begin to search for the alchemical material in a simple procedure to produce it. I searched the internet and was able to procure the required raw material for the operation.

January 2019

Ormus Procedure from web

  1. First, make some lye solution. Get food grade Lye granules and mix 1/2 cup per quart of distilled water (or 2 cups per gallon). Make sure to always add the lye to the water, not the water to the lye! Also, do under the fume hood of your stove or outside – you do not want to breathe in the fumes. Wear protective gloves and goggles. Stir well as you are adding the granules and add slowly. The solution will be cloudy at first and will heat up. As it cools, the solution will become clear again and look just like water. Once cooled, put in an HDPE plastic container, preferably with a dropper top and label as 1:8 lye solution. You want to always use good plastic or glass, never metal. (Sodium carbonate can and should be substituted as a food-safe alternative… regular baking soda can be baked in an oven on max heat/cleaning cycle for one hour to evaporate the bi from the carbonate which leaves you with sodium carbonate/caustic soda/washing soda)
  2. Next, you are going to rehydrate your

dead sea salts. Add 1/2 cup of dead sea salts to 1 quart distilled water. I use a liter sized plastic measuring bowl that has a pour lip on it (got it at the Dollar Tree). Because I need to leave room for lye and stirring, I will often fill this liter-sized bowl to 750 ml and add a little less than 1/2 cup DSS and this works good for me. Stir well until salts dissolve.

  1. Filter your dead sea water using coffee filters. This is to filter out any rocks or shells that may have been mixed in with the salt crystals.
  2. Now you are ready to do your precipitation. Put your pH meter probe in the salt water and leave there and on the whole time. Start stirring, your starting pH will vary but should be around 7.5 – 8.5.
  3. Stirring continuously, start adding the lye solution you made up a small squirt at a time. Wait for pH to stabilize before adding more. Then add some more. Keep doing this. At some point, you will notice that you are adding lye but the pH is not going up as fast anymore. This is a plateau and is where you are making most of your ormus. Keep adding squirt by squirt and keep stirring. Eventually your pH will start to jump up again. Once you see that jump, slow down and start adding the lye a drop or two at a time. The pH will probably be around 10.2 but this will vary as well. Just keep stirring and dropping in the lye solution. You will see the pH jump up then fall down back to where it was – just keep going slowly and with patience. Do not let pH ever jump over 10.78, and I usually stop when pH is holding at 10.6. You will get a feel for how much you can add at a time and how fast. You should have been stirring the whole time but if you get tired, stir in well your last drop of lye then you can stop and rest for a minute or two, then start stirring again

before resuming the lye. You want to avoid having localized areas of high pH spikes – hence the constant stirring. Whole precip time will run around 30 minutes. Again this can vary but in general 25-30 minutes.

  1. Once you have reached your target pH, allow the precipitate to settle. I let sit for at least 24 hours in a dark faraday cage
  2. Now you should have about 350 ml of fluffy white precip (amount will vary) on the bottom topped with clear water. You are going to slowly, steadily, and carefully pour off or siphon the top water while disturbing the precip as little as possible. Best tip I can give you is not to start pouring and then jerk back – keep it constant and steady. If you slosh it around, you will need to allow the precip to settle again. Now you are going to wash your precip. You can do it one of two ways, depending on how many days

you want to spend doing this step. You can do 3 washes, where you add 1:1 ratio of distilled water to your precip (ex: you have 350 ml precip so add 350 ml distilled water to it) and allow to settle for about 24-48 hours. Do this 3 times. Or you can add 3:1 distilled water (ex: you have 350 ml precip, so add 1050 ml distilled water to it) and let settle for at least 48 hours. If you use a measured washing container, then you will know when the precip has settled to its original 350 ml. I prefer the first method but takes more time, but convenient if you do everything in your original liter-sized measuring bowl. Also note that doing the wash 3 times (the first method) will result in manna that is less salty than if you do a 3-to-1 wash. Unless you plan to ship your manna (in which case salty is protective), then how salty your manna should be is a personal preference. In general, the more you

wash, the less salty it will be.

  1. Now that your precip has been washed, pour off the top water as before leaving behind the precip. It is now ready to be “dosed.” Just add 1:1 ratio of distilled water, stir well, and bottle it in whatever you want (plastic or glass, no metal) and it is ready for ingestion. Recommend 1/2 to 1 tsp per day on an empty stomach to start and then adjust according to your intuition and reactions. Store in a cool, dark place way from EMF.

A few notes: Do whole procedure away from EMF and away from UV light (sunlight). Be careful with the lye, especially initially when it is at full concentration. Even when it is diluted 1:8, you still want to wash your skin in cold water if you spill some on yourself (you can tell because your skin will feel slick) and absolutely keep it out of your eyes!

If you want to make Ormus from Celtic Sea salt or other live salt/saltwater, you must boil it first, then filter it. You may not get as much precipitate, so you can dissolve as much as 2 cups per gallon of water at a time and boil covered for 10-15 minutes over fire – gas or propane stove (not electric because generates EMF). Filter like with the Dead Sea salt, and then follow the same directions above as with the Dead Sea salt.

Another Procedure from Blog

You shouldn’t buy ormus from strangers, besides, they charge a fortune for probably a more inferior product then what you or I can make… you should make it, because it’s cheap and easy, and this stimulates creativity and brings your spirit in to play, you imprint your own vibes into it as well… you only need to buy dead sea salt

https://www.seasalt.com/bokek-dead-sea-salt.html# , coffee filters, and baking soda… reconstitute one cup of dead sea salt in 1L of good water, then filter it through a four stack of coffee filters, take half a box of baking soda and put it in an oven safe dish, then place into the oven on max heat/cleaning cycle for two hours, after one hour stir the baking soda around to expose more surface area… when it’s been two hours shut off heat and let it cool to room temp…. congratulations, you have just converted sodium bicarbonate into sodium carbonate by evaporating the bi from the carb… sodium carbonate is also known as washing soda or caustic soda and this means it’s a base and alkaline (the opposite of an acid with 7.1 – 14 ph…acids are 6.9 – 0.1 ph… 7 is neutral.) with a ph of around 11-12, as opposed to regular baking soda which has a ph of 8… it’s great for cleaning too, if you get it on your fingers it’s slick like soap (lye is used to make soap along with jews too!!. , and careful of splashes in eyes, cold water rinse or have vinager near by for defence… next, you want to take another 1L of good water and add as much of your freshly made washing soda to it as it will take, this means add soda to the water until it won’t dissolve anymore (usually around 10g/100ml), filter the basic water in a four stack of coffee filters so there’s no solids or undissolved particles…this is your basic solution and it has a ph of around 11-12… now, you should have two seperate crystal clear solutions of 1L of salt water, and 1L of basic water, observe how they are both transparent and nothing is contained within, make sure your salt water solution is in a 2L+ preferably glass (you should always use glass for everything) container, and then you want to stir it real good, get a fast and deep vortex going, and then take your 1L basic solution and pour it all into the spinning salt water…. f’n awesome you’ll say, and pure magic is what you’ll observe next as your clear liquid explodes (it doesn’t literally explode, the color change does!) into a white snow, or the “semen of God” that starts a blizzard in your jar… that’s your ormus dropping out, congratulations you’re an alchemist, and my brother/sister in the craft now!…

Give the ormus a good stir the other way, then cover and let it settle away from major electromagnetic fields, ideally in a Faraday cage or steel cookie can or something like that, and put in a cool dark place too… I wrap all my ormus and monatomics in five to ten wraps of tin foil as well, plus I write positive messages on post it notes and place the notes facing the ormus against the glass with the tinfoil wrapped around… this is based on that Dr emotos research about programming water with love/positive vibrations…I do a bunch of other stuff to my ormus like charging the waters four different ways, dropping ormus when astrological signs are strongest, meditation, smudging and purifying myself and house before, only listen to 432 tuned music while making it etc etc… I do sell ormus and monatomics, along with other subtle energy devices and systems!!. (my company’s name is subtle energy systems Ltd!)…any-hoo, nuff plugin my set… so after you mixed the two parts and stirred real nice both ways, then protected and hidden it, leave it for 12 hours, come back, then you will observe two parts to your solution, the ormus is the white stuff on the bottom, the salt water is the clear top water, you want to siphon off that top water without disturbing your ormus too much, that water is waste, drain it, now observe how much ormus is there and then add approximately twice that amount of fresh clean water to your ormus and then stir real good both ways (always stir both ways to balance… spinning counterclockwise pulls from the zero point, the other way pushes into it.)…what you are doing is washing the saline out of the ormus… cover and let rest again for 12 hours, then siphon off the top water and taste 2mls of your ormus, if it’s too salty for you wash it again… don’t forget this is the ocean, it’s going to taste like it, minus the salt of course, but still, it’s good to put it your juice or tea… it shouldn’t be fishy though, it almost seems like it might because it’s the ocean, but there should be no distinct fish flavor… and fyi the salt helps the ormus hide out from the electromagnetic fields… when I ship through the mail I leave most of the salt in to protect my product… the customer can wash it out if they wish.

 

So, voila, you now have yourself a high alkaline bioavailable naturally sourced trace mineral and Ormus supplement that’s also food safe because you used baking soda instead of lye… every morning take 15-30ml (maybe more maybe less) of it before breakfast… you might need to take a magnesium supplement for the first month until your body gets use to the hydroxide form of it… some people get a small pain in their back, which is fixed by taking magnesium, it goes away in thirty days by itself, but you’re going to be having so much other better things happening to you, you won’t care about a little back pain!… energy, clarity of thought, overall brain functioning are just a few things you will notice right away within one month… I promise you won’t regret reading and heeding these words here… give ormus to your plants, 1 part ormus to 20 parts water, to make them stronger for when you come (or don’t as the case may be!!..) looking to kill them!..

And give it to your kitties and animal friends too… 2mls twice a week worked for my wittle kittie and should be the standard for lesser forms (animals)… and give it to your kids at half your dose, every two days…

 

Seriously though, the ormus, give it to your friends and family too, it’s good for all…

What I just described here is “the poor mans, I’m not a science knower ormus recipe”… this is, if the lights go out, end of the world kind of ormus… you can actually use wood ashes and water to make your basic solution, this is how the ancients made lye… and you can use ocean water, or any other kind of salt and even certain mineral or rock based source materials contain ormus… Himalayan salt is awesome for ormus!…I make a special and amazing equal combination Himalayan/dead sea/great salt lake ormus!… the inland C-mix I call it… it has over 100 trace minerals and metals as monatomics, where the dead sea is high in Mgold, the great salt lake is high in Mplatinum, Miridium, Mrhodium, and the Himalayan has Mruthenium, and Mpalladium… here’s:

EVERYTHING MONATOMIC

 

References

https://idreporter.net/v/%E2%96%BAhow-to-make-%CF%9Fupercharged-ormus-to-boost-psychic-abilities%E2-%84-8FAhmixvEYk.html

https://idreporter.net/v/how-to-make-ormus-without-lye-lAuXfMrNaFE.html

 

 

Purple Star

Gab Ziwei

   My Ziwei Dou Shu Chart and its Analysis

Ming or Destiny Palace

REN WATER DRAGON

..From Wikipedia

Zi Wei Dou Shu (Purple Star Astrology) is a form of fortune-telling in Chinese culture. It remains one of the most well-respected[1] processes for laying out “The Destiny Path” or “Fate”.

  • Zi Wei (紫薇) – purple Rosa multiflora(薔薇), also known as Baby Rose, Rambler Rose. In the astrological world, this majestic color is related to spiritual aspiration. 微 is used for 薇 in ancient/simplifed Chinese writing. Noble rose referred to the North Star, the most prominent star in the sky.
  • Dou (斗) – 北斗星 Big Dipper constellation, North Star, Pole star. A prominent star that is approximately aligned with the Earth’s axis of rotation. It is used as the coordinate to chart the sky.
  • Shu (数) – calculation.

Zi Wei Dou Shu was created by a Taoist named Lu Chun Yang (呂純陽) during the Tang Dynasty. It was further developed by Chen Xi Yi (陳希夷) during the Song Dynasty and later on by Luo Hong Xian (羅洪先) during the Ming Dynasty to its present-day form.[2] Its exact origin, however, is still debated among the different schools, and should not be taken as a guaranteed historical context.

Chinese Astrology has always been closely intertwined with Astronomy. Gifted astronomers and astrologers were recruited as officials to work in Imperial Courts during the dynastic eras. In those days most astrological charts were crafted solely for the emperor, as his personal fate had a direct bearing on his kingdom. The court astrologers also played an important role in determining the successor to the throne.

Astrologers observed the stars and noticed that among so many stars, only one was seemingly stationary while the rest revolved around it. This star was named the “Emperor Star” (紫微星)–the celestial equivalent of the Emperor and known in the West as Polaris.

The 12 Palaces, or Shí Èr Gōng (十二宫) are arranged and plotted in an anti-clockwise rotation.

  1. Self Palace (命宮)
  2. Siblings Palace (兄弟宮)
  3. Spouse Palace (夫妻宮)
  4. Children Palace (子女宮)
  5. Wealth Palace (財帛宮)
  6. Health Palace (疾厄宮)
  7. Travel Palace (遷移宮)
  8. Friends Palace, or Subordinate Palace (交友宮)
  9. Career Palace (官祿宮)
  10. Property Palace (田宅宮)
  11. Mental Palace, or Karma Palace, Ancestor Palace (福德宮)
  12. Parents Palace (父母宮)

The 14 Major Stars:[4][5]

  1. Ziwei (The Emperor, or The Purple Star): associated with Yin Earth, the leader – organizator, the senior, the monarch, stable development, benevolence, neutrality, wisdom, obligations, human society, power, position, material wealth, the capacity of healing and rescuing.
  2. Tianji (The Advisor, Heavenly Machine or Heavenly Secret): associated with Yin Wood, the assistant, the strategist, the clerk, siblings, intelligence, strategy, manipulation, goodness.
  3. Taiyang (The Sun): associated with Yang Fire, the leader of men, the senior, the male (father-husband-son), the mass, mass development, masculine characteristics, directness, vision, self-sacrifice, universal love, ideal, nature, power, fame, the capacity of giving.
  4. Wuqu (The Finance Minister or the Military Bureaucrat, Martial Tune): associated with Yin Metal, the assistant, the short term planner, the merchant, the worker, the lonely, craftiness, inner strength, caution, rigidity, decisiveness, wealth, industry.
  5. Tianfu (The Empress or the Viceroy, Heavenly Mansion): associated with Yang Earth, the senior, the monarch or high official, background leadership, stability, benevolence, conservativeness, human society, material wealth, position, power, the capacity of consolidating.
  6. Tiantong (The Lucky Star, Pleasure Seeker, Child): associated with Yang Water, the junior, mercuriality, natural kindness, pleasure, laziness, good fortune
  7. Lianzhen (The Judge, Young Female): associated with Yin Fire, the virgin, the judge, the lawyer, the witch, the courtesan, strictness, chastity, wickedness, double-facedness, prison, harem, justice, abominable accidents, punishment, love, humour, poverty
  8. Taiyin (The Moon): associated with Yin Water, the female or feminine leader, the manipulator, the senior, the female (mother-wife-daughter), inner or passive development, retrospective development, feminine characteristics, subtlety, feminine or maternal love, maternal sacrifice, selfishness, extravagance, ideal, arts, nature, material wealth, real estate, cleanness, the capacity of receiving and spending.
  9. Tanlang (The Greedy Wolf): associated with Yang Wood and Yin Water, the hunter, extravagant people, the priest, sex, deviousness, libido, selfish desires, riskiness, prison
  10. Jumen (The Advocate, The Big Gate, The Mouth): associated with Yin Water, the lawyer, the parliament, singers, quarrel, betrayal, notoriety, frankness, secret, bad luck, prison
  11. Tianxiang (The Prime Minister, Keeper of the Seal): associated with Yang Water, the high-ranked assistant, delegates or representatives, high offices, benevolence, generosity, stability, loyalty
  12. Tianliang (The Sage, Heavenly Beam or Heavenly Bridge): associated with Yang Earth and Yang Wood, the teacher, the scholar, the rules, benevolence, generosity, toleration, forgiveness, education, wisdom
  13. Qisha (The Field Marshal, Seven Kills): associated with Yin Metal and Yang Fire, the military leader, quick temper, heroicism, directness, pain and labour, danger, loyalty, exception
  14. Pojun (The Army, Star of Destruction): associated with Yin Water, military leaders, betrayal, craftiness, waste, destruction, changes

 

References

https://mdestinycom.wordpress.com/category/q-a-zwds/money-in-zwds/

http://www.freehoro.net/Astrolog32_EN/index.php

My Birth Chart and Interpretation

gab chart in astrolibrary

Planets and Points in The Signs

Sun in Sagittarius 19°  47′ 17″

You tend to be idealistic, optimistic, dependable, open-minded, friendly, honest and versatile. But, you can also be tactless, irresponsible, showy, boastful, self-righteous, arrogant, quarrelsome, fanatical, dogmatic and dictatorial. You like any work where foresight and a willingness to take a chance is offered, while at the same time, you try to avoid detailed work.

You are usually outspoken, sometimes to the point of bluntness. Simply blurting out your ideas and opinions is due to your never-ending search for truth and wisdom. Others think you are pretty tactless and the statement that “truth hurts” fits your way of thinking. Regardless of your undiplomatic remarks, others instinctively feel as if you mean them no real harm and are only interested in raising their consciousness.

You love the outdoors, large animals, nature and sports. Some Sagittarius people have reckless gambling tendencies and will bet it all on the drop of a hat. Travel and even long walks appeal to you because they make you feel free – and you need to feel free.

You are philosophical and you want to understand the deeper issues and abstractions of life. You have a certain faith in higher things that generally always keeps you of an optimistic bent, no matter what difficulties are currently besetting you. You want to understand the meaning of life. This helps to keep you growing and expanding, which is something you need to do. This desire for expansion can cause you to overextend yourself with too many activities and to use up your energy too rapidly. You need to take intervals of rest to recuperate between projects.

You need to learn how to concentrate on your current projects and stick with them to the end. Always full of enthusiasm, you tend to show it more at the start of new endeavors, then it tends to lessen as the project goes along and gets stuck in details, or the going gets a little rough, or it simply gets a little boring.

Although you are ordinarily healthy, you can run into trouble due to overindulgence in food and drink.

You are known for your friendliness, helpfulness and subtle humor. You are a good conversationalist and enjoy debating merely for the sake of debating. You have a real gift for making friends and the typical Sagittarius can go anywhere in the world without ever feeling lonely, for you acquire friends along the route. You have humanitarian instincts and are practical in expressing them. You will tend to help anyone who is in need. Other people can usually depend on your loyalty and honesty, for there is nothing devious or manipulative in your nature.

You are extremely independent and restless, with a real need for personal freedom. You can experience claustrophobia, either physical or emotional. This is why you are reluctant to get into total commitment situations and often shy away from marriage. In love, you are highly romantic, but you need your partner to be intelligent and communicative. You hate jealousy and possessiveness on the part of your partner, especially since you are fond of flirting. You enjoy the chase more than the capture.

Career wise, you are reluctant to become tied down to a set schedule, so you will experiment with a variety of jobs. You do best in careers that permit you to travel about, either locally or widely. You also like dealing directly with people, either selling or promoting ideas, products, etc.

You may overlook small details, but your overall sense of planning is excellent. You have a good memory. The challenge of a problem is what interests you, for it caters to your enjoyment in exploring the unknown. Playing games comes easily to you and it is the journey they enjoy rather than the destination.

Read more about Sagittarius.

Ascendant in Sagittarius  2°  53′ 11″

People with Sagittarius rising tend to be idealistic, aspiring, enthusiastic, religious or agnostic, interested in far away places and cultures or ideas, physically active, risk-taking, outgoing, breezy, extroverted, philosophical, perhaps dogmatic, prejudiced, superficial, looking for greener pastures, and on-the-go. Sagittarius, the Centaur, is half-human, half-animal and this is perhaps the way you are. You have great aspirations, yet may have a most unruly desire nature. You can shoot for the stars or wallow with the animals. There is love of animals, the outdoors, sports, gambling, adventure, and travel. You may lack concentration. You probably have many acquaintances, but few friends. You tend to have casual contacts rather than in-depth relationships. You have a great restlessness and a love to be on the move. You may always be looking for greener pastures, never stopping or slowing down to see where you really are and what’s around you. You tend to be talkative and direct and to the point. You may be lacking in tact and diplomacy due to your frankness. Ideas are very important to you. You generally like working with the big picture and dislike all the little details. You may promise much and deliver less. You can rise to the heights or sink to the depths. Which will you choose?

Spiritual lesson to learn: Restraint, of all that is given away (and stop procrastinating). Jupiter rules Sagittarius so Jupiter will be important in your chart.

See more about Sagittarius Rising.

Moon in Libra 15°  29′ 17″

You are kind, sympathetic, agreeable, optimistic, fair, and very fond of social pleasures. You are a considerate and thoughtful friend, and have a real flair for making others feel accepted and appreciated. At the same time you probably possess good reasoning powers and the ability to form correct judgments. There is love of art and music with perhaps decided ability as a performer. You have a need for people and relationships. You avoid personal confrontations or any expression of intense, unpleasant behavior or emotion. You strive for peace, harmony, and perfect balance. You feel unsuited for menial physical labor and you hate to get your hands dirty. Your desire to be liked by everyone may cause you to seek peace at any price, thus you can be evasive on issues due to your desire to keep the peace. You can be quite vacillating and indecisive. You are much more at odds with yourself than people would guess by looking at you from the outside. It is sometimes very difficult for you to make up your mind because you see all sides of any issue and you always want to be fair. You must learn to stand up for your principles.

Mercury in Sagittarius  0°  32′ 18″

You possess idealism, vision, and foresight, and your mind is often occupied with big ideas, plans, and goals for the future. You are interested in what is possible and what is on the horizon, rather than what has already been done. Subjects like philosophy, religion, politics, or education interest you, and you are more concerned with theories, abstractions and concepts than with specific applications. You are not inclined to focus on any one practical, concrete area. You don’t particularly like details and may find it difficult to concentrate long enough to carry your ideas through to completion. You seek mental freedom, yet your thoughts are usually along traditional lines. Having a gambling instinct, you may enjoy gambling, speculative enterprises and new ventures. You are forward, blunt and direct in speech and you always speak your mind. People who know you know that you don’t beat around the bush. You are apt to say the first thing that pops into your head. Thus, you have to learn to control your tongue, develop tact, and to think before speaking. Business, advertising, and promotion might be good career areas for you. You have a keen mind and are impulsive and versatile. You have a tendency to study several similar subjects, to have more than one job and to have several projects going all at the same time. You tend to want to keep on the move, traveling, in order to gain experience, knowledge and wisdom.

Venus in Aquarius  1°  18′ 47″

If you have Venus in Aquarius, your affections are expressed in an open, unconventional and rather detached way. Socializing, bringing people together and having many friends and acquaintances very much appeal to you. Because you value friendship so highly, you may be more comfortable being a friend than a lover. One thing’s for sure – you highly dislike possessive, clingy relationships. You want to be free to do whatever you want with whomever you like. You want an intellectual or spiritual connection with your partner and this may even be the preferred substitute over a very intimate or emotional bonding. You need a partner who will give you plenty of freedom, allowing you to be your own person, and not be too demanding emotionally. You are charming, happy and original, but also, cool, calm and detached. This detachment is beneficial because you, as a rule, are never possessive of people or things. The feelings you have tend to be filtered through your mind and intellectualized. You need to learn warmth and understanding. Read more about Venus in Aquarius.

Mars in Aquarius 15°  20′ 17″

Your energies are expressed in unique and original ways. There may be genius shown in the way you go about things. You are inventive, scientific, a bit eccentric, unconventional and perhaps a bit rebellious. Working with others to get things done appeals to you. You enjoy taking part in sociable, group activities and unite with others of similar ideals and persuasions. You are progressive, democratic and you are not concerned with hogging personal power or having authority over others. You are a team player. New and unusual methods of work, planning and technology appeal to you. Your energy levels are usually high, but they can be erratic at times and you may find a tendency to work in spurts. Thus, you can be impatient and inconstant in pursuing your desires. You are intellectual, cautious, independent, freedom-loving and enterprising. You respond well to emergencies. There may be interests in mechanical or scientific subjects. Science fiction may intrigue you. You may need to control a radical or rebellious streak within and remember that in certain cases haste does make waste. On the negative side you can be too aggressive, quarrelsome, contentious and perverse.

Jupiter in Taurus 11°  59′ 37″  Rx

You desire to expand the world around you with practical, tangible, material things. The rewards you expect from your efforts must be material in nature. As a gesture of appreciation, a simple “thank- you” is not as good as some little something in the form of something concrete that you can hold and see. You are generous with your possessions and share freely what you have, but only if the cause merits such action. Your nature tends to be a bit extravagant or self-indulgent and it is up to you to control your desire nature. You may be stubborn in your philosophical or religious beliefs, needing proof of anything before believing. There is a fear of sickness and pain. Money and material possessions can come to you but you must use your resources wisely, else they will get you into trouble. A great love of rich or sweet food may lead you to become overweight. Control of the palate and of the lower nature should be observed.

Saturn in Libra 24°  45′ 06″

You are diplomatic, tactful, and you have balanced judgment which inspires trust. In matters if health there may be urinary problems or trouble with the kidneys. Saturn tends to obstruct the filtering action of the kidneys, allowing toxic elements to stay in the blood stream and intoxicate the body. Drinking distilled rather than spring, mineral or tap water would be better for your kidneys. There is a need for you to cooperate and share in harmony, patience, and love with other people. Marriage or partnerships may be restricting, requiring hard work and discipline so that you may learn the lessons of cooperation rather than competition. Marriage and partnerships give you a sense of security and for that reason you seek them out. You may marry for practical reasons, for money, or to someone a lot older or younger. Various possibilities exist with this position. You may take great trouble to find a mate who is able to demonstrate a similar integrity, and thus marry at a later age than most, or you may choose an older partner or a contemporary who is apt to be austere or undemonstrative. A desire for perfection may make you too demanding in the marriage or your view of marriage may be too conventional or old-fashioned. If Saturn is badly aspected, then you may be cold or regard marriage as a yoke with which you do not care to burden yourself. Or lastly, you may tell yourself that you will never find a partner who will measure up to your requirements.

Uranus in Cancer 17°  34′ 10″  Rx

Neptune in Libra 23°  20′ 40″

Pluto in Leo 23°  11′ 57″  Rx

Chiron in Capricorn 11°  39′ 31″

Black Moon Lilith in Leo 28°  39′ 03″

With Lilith in Leo, you must learn where your creative abilities and your core essence reside. If you do not discover your true self, you may feel driven to seek attention or social recognition, or to act out exaggerated shows in order to make yourself noticed. The personality you express must be authentically yours, and not forced.

If you have Black Moon Lilith in Leo, your love is centered on yourself. Psychologists call it narcissism. Both men and women seek to be honored for their beauty and physical appearance. You can cause disappointments by taking advantage of your partner and by not recognizing your sexual-emotional mistakes.

There is a tendency to lie. If you become unfaithful, you will, out of pride, play the misunderstood victim when you know inwardly that you betrayed your partner.

The repressed sexual impulses focus on “I want.” You may have unspoken internal conflicts. These can overflow and cause you to exercise power and dominion over your partner or children “just because” or, as Aesop said, “because I am the Lion.”

For your Black Moon in Leo to work well:

Look for your own identity, without falling into the world of appearances. Focus your fire on what your passions really are. Do not look so much for recognition from others.

North Node in Aquarius 14°  00′ 09″  Rx

Part of Fortune in Aquarius  7°  11′ 11″

You feel happy noticing the things that surround you, being receptive to all knowledge. You want to know everything about humanity and the Universe, without societal limitations or restrictions. You understand the union of so many different things, knowing that none is worse or better because of their difference.

You are fair. You do not like to make judgments, because that would undermine your own sense of freedom. You remain aloof and impartial with respect to others. This allows you the freedom to explore your own inner awakening.

You never have to follow the paths of others. So, you look for solitude, where you find new ideas. You use the great inventiveness that cosmic forces bestow upon you.

You like to live without any planning. You like to be original. It makes you happy to know you can help another person to feel free. Read more about Part of Fortune in Aquarius.

Vertex in Leo 21°  42′ 45″

Midheaven in Virgo  4°  38′ 11″

Planets and Points in The Houses

Sun in First House

You are important to yourself and will spend much time and energy on your own personal affairs. It’s not that you do not care about others, it is just that you have your work to do and it is very important to you. You want to shine and be noticed for who and what you are. You may want to lead or be in a position of dominance. You are confident, independent and responsible. But watch for tendencies to be power-seeking or dictatorial. Be alert to false pride and try to be more humble. Give proper credit to others for their contributions.

Moon in Eleventh House

Popularity with women often comes with this position. Many of your friends will be female. The feeling of belonging to a group increases your feelings of security. If you feel you do not “belong”, then negative emotions surface that all basically have to do with your own needs for security. Humanitarian projects may be important to you as you can develop your nurturing instincts with or for the group. You enjoy working for the good of the group instead of just your own good. You are responsive to the feelings of others. Concerning vocation: The network of friendships within the work situation is emphasized. Friends may help get the job, make the job rewarding and will probably endure after the job is done. A friend’s advice about work opportunity or direction is perhaps more important than that of a professional counselor.

Mercury in Twelfth House

You have a perceptive, intuitive and subtle mind with an interest in the metaphysical world. You can absorb knowledge intuitively and you understand more than you wish to divulge. You are secretive and have the ability to understand the deeper meanings of tones of voice and hand gestures. Secret enemies may try to undo you or speak evil of you. You may lack confidence in yourself. You may find yourself limited or incapacitated if you allow your nerves to become too frayed. Be careful of your ears and your hearing, which may be weak.

Venus in Second House

You attract money and personal possessions, especially when needed. You spend money as fast as you earn it, sometimes faster. Your hidden talents can be beneficial to others, if you apply yourself. Don’t be afraid to work. Your money is used to buy beautiful, artistic, and/or musical things. You like a certain amount of luxury to surround you. Money may come to you through a partner or relationship.

NOTE: Since Venus is very close to the next house cusp, the next item is also relevant.

Venus in Third House

You may be artistic and creative in speech and writing and you express yourself well in either. You have a love of travel, yet your immediate surroundings are probably quite harmonious and comfortable. Relations with neighbors and siblings are probably easy-going and pleasurable. Because you dislike disharmony, you avoid confrontations with people in your immediate environment, hating to rock the boat.

Mars in Third House

You are restless, perhaps high-strung, and probably have an abundance of nervous energy. You have an intense belief in your own ideas. You are alert, determined, and enthusiastic. You possess an abundance of mental energy. Developing analytical thinking is important, as impulsive thinking will bring difficulties. There can be problems with siblings or neighbors. There will be many short journeys. Energy is expended in neighborhood activities.

Jupiter in Sixth House

Jupiter in the 6th House tends to give good health. Any health problems are usually caused by extravagance and over-indulgence, too much of a good thing. You are helpful to others and are a dependable worker with a sense of loyalty. You inspire cooperation and good will among your fellow workers. You enjoy your work and give of your time willingly. Watch that you do not overwork or overindulge in eating or drinking. There could be difficulties in the liver and blood or poor circulation due to over-indulgence.

Saturn in Eleventh House

You have many acquaintances, but only a few close friends, probably older ones. The friendships you make endure for many years. You are attracted to groups which have a serious or necessary purpose. You feel a strong sense of duty and responsibility to the groups you become involved in. The tasks that you do for any groups may receive very little personal recognition and may require hard work. In order to attain your goals and objectives, you have to be patient and willing to work hard. If your lessons are learned, the later part of life will offer greater rewards. You may experience a sense of never fitting in with the people or groups around you because of some perceived uniqueness. In any case there may be issues regarding feeling different from others.

Uranus in Eighth House

You have strong psychic feelings and a keen intuition. You perhaps have unconventional ideas about life, sex and death, which you do not necessarily reveal. The afterlife is a great mystery for you and you may seek to probe for answers. The occult sciences in general may intrigue you. You may experience difficulties through nervous tension. Sudden loss or gain could come about with other people’s resources. There can be an unexpected inheritance or financial gain through unusual sources. Be careful around electricity and machinery. An interest in healing, perhaps through the laying on of hands, attends this position. You may have entertained thoughts of suicide in earlier years. Read more about Uranus in the eighth house.

Neptune in Eleventh House

You are idealistic and interested in the common good. Strong hunches regarding your hopes and wishes are present. Because the influence of Neptune is elusive, there may be difficulty deciding upon your goals. Just dreaming about them will not bring them about. Friends may be weird, wacky, spiritual, unreliable, or deceitful, but probably artistic or of a musical bent. Be careful with some friends as they may not be what they seem. Some may want to introduce you to drugs or alcohol so be objective and clear-headed. Definite, practical and concrete goals with a firm faith in the future are called for. Then your dreams can come true. Read more about Neptune in the eleventh house.

Pluto in Ninth House

You are intuitive and may be clairvoyant. Travel in other dimensions is possible during sleep. There is an inherent interest in religion and philosophy. You want to know why and how. There can be the danger of such total belief in your own ideas that it borders on fanaticism, with total disregard for the thoughts and beliefs of others. Develop tolerance for other’s beliefs. You search for Truth as a starving man looks for food. You want to know everything. Metaphysical experiences are possible and transformation can occur through dreams, long distance travel or philosophical insights and revelations. You can suffer mental strain from studying too intensely. You must control your desire to always be right no matter what.

Chiron in Second House

Black Moon Lilith in Ninth House

North Node in Third House

Part of Fortune in Third House

You are happy to communicate with others. You enjoy being understood, so language and proper use of words are important to you. You try to understand how others think and how they see things, so you can develop a greater perspective in your thinking. Thinking clearly is what will bring you your greatest fulfillment.

Your security is based on thought instead of the material world. Therefore, you like to teach others to think clearly, so they can understand the world around them, and understand all kinds of people. Read more about Part of Fortune in 3rd House.

Vertex in Ninth House

 


 

If you would like an in-depth report for a couple, get a relationship report with exact birth times.


Aspects

Sun Sextile Moon (orb 4°18′)

Sun Sextile Mars (orb 4°27′)

Sun Sextile Saturn (orb 4°58′)

Sun Quincunx Uranus (orb 2°13′)

Sun Sextile Neptune (orb 3°33′)

Sun Trine Pluto (orb 3°25′)

Moon Trine Mars (orb 0°9′)

Moon Quincunx Jupiter (orb 3°30′)

Moon Square Uranus (orb 2°5′)

Moon Conjunction Neptune (orb 7°51′)

Moon Square Chiron (orb 3°50′)

Moon Trine North Node (orb 1°29′)

Mercury Sextile Venus (orb 0°46′)

Mercury Square Pluto (orb 7°20′)

Mercury Conjunction Ascendant (orb 2°21′)

Mercury Square Midheaven (orb 4°6′)

Venus Square Saturn (orb 6°34′)

Venus Square Neptune (orb 7°58′)

Venus Sextile Ascendant (orb 1°34′)

Venus Quincunx Midheaven (orb 3°19′)

Mars Square Jupiter (orb 3°21′)

Mars Quincunx Uranus (orb 2°14′)

Mars Opposition Pluto (orb 7°52′)

Mars Conjunction North Node (orb 1°20′)

Jupiter Sextile Uranus (orb 5°35′)

Jupiter Trine Chiron (orb 0°20′)

Jupiter Trine Midheaven (orb 7°21′)

Saturn Square Uranus (orb 7°11′)

Saturn Conjunction Neptune (orb 1°24′)

Saturn Sextile Pluto (orb 1°33′)

Uranus Square Neptune (orb 5°46′)

Neptune Sextile Pluto (orb 0°9′)

Ascendant Square Midheaven (orb 1°45′)

Compare House Systems

gab’s Planets’ and Points’ House Positions By House System
HOUSE SYSTEM SUN MOON MERCURY VENUS MARS JUPITER SATURN URANUS NEPTUNE PLUTO CHIRON BLACK MOON LILITH NORTH NODE PART OF FORTUNE VERTEX ASCENDANT MIDHEAVEN
Alcabitius 1 11 12 2 – 3 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9
Campanus 1 11 12 2 – 3 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9
Equal 1 11 12 2 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9 10
Koch 1 11 12 3 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9
Meridian 1 11 12 2 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9 12
Morinus 1 11 12 2 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 2 9 12 9
Placidus 1 11 12 2 – 3 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9
Porphyry 1 11 12 2 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9
Regiomontanus 1 11 12 2 – 3 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9
Topocentric 1 11 12 2 – 3 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 3 3 9
Vehlow 2 11 1 3 3 6 12 8 – 9 12 10 2 10 3 3 10 1 10
Whole Sign 1 11 1 3 3 6 11 8 11 9 2 9 – 10 3 3 9 1 10
gab’s House Cusps
HOUSE SYSTEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Alcabitius  2°  53′ 11″  2°  29′ 48″  2°  20′ 14″  4°  38′ 11″  5°  01′ 15″  5°  00′ 17″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  29′ 48″  2°  20′ 14″  4°  38′ 11″  5°  01′ 15″  5°  00′ 17″
Campanus  2°  53′ 11″  1°  36′ 24″  2°  25′ 57″  4°  38′ 11″  5°  52′ 23″  4°  57′ 16″  2°  53′ 11″  1°  36′ 24″  2°  25′ 57″  4°  38′ 11″  5°  52′ 23″  4°  57′ 16″
Equal  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″
Koch  2°  53′ 11″  0°  47′ 54″  0°  33′ 37″  4°  38′ 11″  4°  40′ 26″  4°  27′ 01″  2°  53′ 11″  0°  47′ 54″  0°  33′ 37″  4°  38′ 11″  4°  40′ 26″  4°  27′ 01″
Meridian  8°  14′ 53″  5°  57′ 47″  4°  09′ 59″  4°  38′ 11″  7°  04′ 27″  8°  53′ 00″  8°  14′ 53″  5°  57′ 47″  4°  09′ 59″  4°  38′ 11″  7°  04′ 27″  8°  53′ 00″
Morinus  4°  38′ 11″  7°  04′ 27″  8°  53′ 00″  8°  14′ 53″  5°  57′ 47″  4°  09′ 59″  4°  38′ 11″  7°  04′ 27″  8°  53′ 00″  8°  14′ 53″  5°  57′ 47″  4°  09′ 59″
Placidus  2°  53′ 11″  1°  59′ 40″  2°  26′ 41″  4°  38′ 11″  6°  49′ 06″  6°  24′ 07″  2°  53′ 11″  1°  59′ 40″  2°  26′ 41″  4°  38′ 11″  6°  49′ 06″  6°  24′ 07″
Porphyry  2°  53′ 11″  3°  28′ 11″  4°  03′ 11″  4°  38′ 11″  4°  03′ 11″  3°  28′ 11″  2°  53′ 11″  3°  28′ 11″  4°  03′ 11″  4°  38′ 11″  4°  03′ 11″  3°  28′ 11″
Regiomontanus  2°  53′ 11″  0°  48′ 30″  1°  33′ 42″  4°  38′ 11″  6°  41′ 50″  5°  42′ 48″  2°  53′ 11″  0°  48′ 30″  1°  33′ 42″  4°  38′ 11″  6°  41′ 50″  5°  42′ 48″
Topocentric  2°  53′ 11″  1°  59′ 57″  2°  26′ 49″  4°  38′ 11″  6°  49′ 06″  6°  24′ 10″  2°  53′ 11″  1°  59′ 57″  2°  26′ 49″  4°  38′ 11″  6°  49′ 06″  6°  24′ 10″
Vehlow 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″ 17°  53′ 11″
Whole Sign  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″  0°  00′ 00″